Pediculosis is a fairly common disease, they may
get infected everyone. He is treated with various
mainly chemical preparations. But there are people
which are on medications and various allergy chemicals.
In this case, the question arises, is it possible to get rid of lice
without drugs, another chemistry. Yes, they can be displayed using
low and high temperatures, in combination with combing
weakened insects with a special comb.
At what temperature do lice and nits die?
The content of the article:
- At what temperature do lice and nits die?
- Temperature methods of dealing with head lice
- Frequently asked questions (FAQ)
- Pros and cons of the thermal method, contraindications, measures
- Alternative methods of getting rid of pediculosis
- Pediculosis prevention
Lice do not like sudden changes in temperature.
They can normally exist and actively reproduce only in
narrow temperature range. They can survive at a temperature
from minus five to plus forty degrees if it is higher plus twenty
they are already becoming inhibited, they cannot fully
multiply. At temperatures above forty degrees in the female
maturation of eggs stops.
Impact on low temperature lice occurs as follows
in the following way:
- at minus twenty degrees die
- at minus fifteen the nymphs die,
Mature lice, nits remain alive;
- at minus five, the reproduction of adults slows down,
their activity decreases.
Not only low, but also high
It has the following effects:
- in the temperature range from forty to forty five degrees
heat lice stop laying eggs;
- between forty and sixty degrees heat the gin of the nymph and
- over plus sixty die nits.
REFERENCE. Nits resistance to temperature
Effects explain the presence of protective shells. They are very
dense, protect the larva while it develops. In adults
no such protection.
With any kind of these parasites, it is possible to fight with
high and low temperatures, without the use of insecticides
drugs. Increased environmental humidity contributes to
the imminent death of these insects. It reduces evaporation from the surface.
chitinous shell. The insect overheats, then
Temperature methods of dealing with head lice
If the temperatures at which adults die are accurately known
individuals and nits. You can effectively combat them by combining these
methods with combing insects with a special comb.
The following methods are used to combat ectoparasites:
- Hairdryer – you can use it to destroy
96% of ectoparasites. For this, the hair dryer is set to the maximum
temperature (approximately + 50 С 0). They are treated with every strand not
less than three minutes. For treatment of hair near the skin is used
diffuser nozzle, it must be kept near the roots for a long time (approximately
Ten minutes). The head must first be washed with shampoo itself
hot water that a person can stand. Then
blow dryer strand by strand. Lice do not die, but
become lethargic. They can be easily combed with
special comb. It remains inactive for about an hour.
Since this process does not kill nits, the procedure will have
repeat, given that new insects hatch from eggs in
a period of seven to ten days.
- Iron – this method helps effectively
fight head lice. For this purpose you can also use
curling. These devices kill all forms of parasites: adults
individuals, nymphs and nits. The iron burns the protective jacket as well
the substance by which nits are attached to the hair.
To get the most effective action, first
need to wash your hair with any shampoo. So as not to hurt
hair, it is recommended to apply heat protection agents on them. Need to
split hair into fine strands, alternately process
thermopile To process one strand, you must take at least
three minutes. Treat your hair starting from
occipital and zaushnoy areas. It should be smooth and slow
to stretch the strand through the branches of the ironing from the roots to the tips of the hair.
Then you need to comb the parasites with a special comb. Processing
must be carried out twice a day.
- Bath – is considered quite an effective method.
lice control. It should be heated to a temperature of eighty.
degrees Caution should be exercised with this type of treatment.
Nits can tolerate high temperatures, live long in the absence
the host. Therefore, after processing it is necessary to carefully process
the room, so as not to get infected again, to warn
infection with lice of other people. When processing hair should be watered
hair as hot as man can
tolerate, and not only is in a heated bath. After hair
it is necessary to carefully treat with a hairdryer, then comb it out with a comb.
Guaranteed relieves lice and nits triple
- Frost is an effective method for
fight against lice and nits that are on things and louse clothes.
Guaranteed insects die at a temperature of – 20 С 0 in
during the day, so you can hang things in the cold at this time. AT
summer time the patient’s belongings can be packed in a sealed bag,
put in the freezer for a day. To get rid of
Insect procedure can be repeated or iron things with an iron
hot steam if you can do it. There is an opinion that for
struggle with head lice enough to walk a few streets
days without a hat. But it does not help, the temperature of the scalp
constantly maintained at a level sufficient for comfortable
existence of insects even in severe frost. This method
to fight insects is not suitable.
IMPORTANT! For more effective treatment it is desirable
combine temperature lice disposal with others
methods (mechanical combing, hair treatment
Frequently asked questions (FAQ)
Below are answers to frequently asked questions.
Expert opinion Alexander ValerievnaVrach-Trichologist
At what temperatures does the laundry and pubic die
Pubic and linen louse die at temperatures above +55 С 0 in
for three minutes. At +20 С 0 their reproduction is slowed down. Their
nits die at temperatures above +60 C 0. In the cold
temperature – 5 C 0 after thirty minutes, adult lice and nits
perish. At -15 С 0 all forms of ectoparasite die in five
Do lice die in the bath?
Lice die in the bath when it is heated higher
eighty degrees. It is necessary to water the hair itself
hot water what kind of person can endure, not just
Can there be lice in the winter?
Nothing prevents them from living comfortably and multiplying in winter.
At the roots of the hair creates a temperature favorable for their
breeding. Even if a person will walk in the frost for a long time without
caps, the scalp will be warmed up by circulating warm
blood through the vessels, and hair retain enough heat. In frost
supported on the head comfortable conditions from twenty to thirty
eight degrees of heat. Body lice also live in comfort.
temperature near the body, hiding in the seams.
Do lice die in freezing cold?
For all types of lice, any temperature below zero is destructive, with
this temperature, they can live a short time. At five degrees
below zero they live for another half hour, after they die. At a temperature
lower die almost instantly. Nits are more resistant, they
die at – 20 С 0.
Do lice die in hot water while washing?
Lice die when washed in hot water. Adults die
when washing in the temperature range from forty to fifty five
degrees of heat. Nits collapse at temperatures above sixty
degrees After washing it is necessary to iron the clothes thoroughly.
iron the two sides, steam treat the seams.
Pros and cons of the thermal method, contraindications, measures
The use of physical methods to get rid of ectoparasites
allows you to effectively, fairly quickly deal with them.
Be sure to heat treatment must be combined
with combing nits and adults.
They have certain advantages:
- the ability to completely get rid of adult parasite forms and
nits, as they do not tolerate temperature drops;
- harmless to humans, environmental friendliness;
- do not need prior training.
In this method, as in other methods of dealing with
ectoparasites have their drawbacks.
- risk of burns from careless use;
- it is necessary to repeat the procedures;
- damaged surface layers of the hair.
To effectively get rid of insects can be combined
high and low temperatures.
- when treated with hot water to the scalp and hair, it does not
must be above fifty degrees not to get
- to process hair with an iron or curling iron
touching the scalp and ears;
- Before hair treatment, hair dryer, ironing preferably
use heat protection for hair.
- when treated with hot water to the scalp and hair, it does not
Will you get rid of lice with high / low
temperatures? YesNEW! Mechanical methods for
getting rid of ectoparasites are effective and safe when
compliance with safety regulations.
Alternative methods of getting rid of pediculosis
In addition to temperature control of head lice, developed and
Many other methods are widely used.
- Medicines – Medicines from
lice are available in the form of lotions, creams and gels
(Pedikulen Ultra, Nittifor, Pedilin, Medifox,
Knicks). They contain an increased concentration of insecticidal
substances kill 100% nits. But the likelihood of allergies to
they are higher. Single use of these means is allowed. On
hair is applied approximately fifty grams of medication. It is evenly
distributed over the entire length of the hair, rubbed into the roots. Then
wrap your head with cling film, leave for forty minutes. After
wash off with ordinary shampoo, rinse in large quantities
running water. After the procedure, rinse hair
acetic solution. Then comb out adult insects and nits from
hair frequent comb.
- Shampoos – they contain low concentration
active ingredients, so they are safer. As the main
substances used in them pyrethroids (Hygia, Reed,
NOK) and organophosphates
(Pedilin). Before applying the shampoo is necessary
wear gloves. First you need to wash your hair with regular shampoo. Then
apply a remedy for ten minutes. After carefully
washed hair with plenty of running water. Thereafter
hair is treated with citric acid or vinegar solutions for
facilitate the removal of nits from the hair. Complete the procedure is necessary
combing with a special comb of nits and puberty
- Sprays – insecticidal preparations in this form
most convenient to use (Para Plus, Pax, Nuda,
Pedikulen Ultra). Processing should be carried out in a mask
or a respirator in a room that is well ventilated. Important
so that the tool does not get into the respiratory tract. Spray Pair Plus
completely kills nits.
- Ointments – these tools are widely used for
treatments for pubic lice and for removing head lice in the nursery
practice. They are simple to use and they have a minimum amount.
side effects. These remedies remove insects, treat scratches,
counteract bacterial seeding of wounds. Most
The following ointments are popular: sulfuric, serortut, turpentine,
ointment with sodium benzyl benzoate. Process hair
necessary with gloves on. It is necessary to ensure that the tool does not
got into eyes and mouth. The product is applied to wet hair and skin.
using a cotton swab, then rubbed into the hair roots. Wrapped around
head film and leave for half an hour. After that, wash off with shampoo
and rinse hair in plenty of running water. Then
rinse head with vinegar solution. After washing
It is necessary to comb the nits and lice out of the hair.
- Tablets – used for strong scratching on
to the scalp and neck when the use of external agents is undesirable.
Tablets containing the following active ingredients are used:
Ivermectin, Levamisole, Albendazole, Butadione. They
appointed to receive three times a day, 200-400 milligrams per
during the first day, then apply half dosages on
the next day. A week later, appoint a second course, in connection with
the fact that there are new lice from nits. Tablets should
prescribe only a doctor. Recommend to strictly adhere to
prescribed dosages. Otherwise develop
numerous side effects.
- Scallop – used for mechanical
remove the nits from the hair, as they are attached to them tightly
special glue. Therefore, after treatment by any means
recommended to carefully comb out insects. To fasten
the result combed them for another four days.
The comb must be frequent, made of
metal. Thick hair should be treated before combing
conditioner to prevent tangling. Weight volume distribute
on thin strands and carefully comb out insects. After time from
time you need to inspect the comb, remove and destroy
insects. It is necessary to comb them out of the hair on the sheets, which
then wash and iron thoroughly.
For quick effect and avoid relapse
It is important to combine different removal methods.
Prevention of pediculosis presents no particular difficulty.
The main thing is to avoid contact with people infected with these
The following activities are recommended:
- for the prevention of infection with pubic lice, it is necessary
abandon casual sex;
- use only your comb;
- a person should have their own hats and hairpins,
do not let anyone put them on and try them on;
- wash, iron and steam regularly
clothes and underwear;
- periodically inspect the hair for the presence of nits and
lice, especially behind the ears and on the back of the head;
- keep your body and hair clean;
- with a high threat of infection, use deterring
insect odorless preparations;
- for the prevention of infection used special
- for the prevention of infection with pubic lice comply with
precautions in baths and pools.
IMPORTANT! It is very important to take care of prevention.
pediculosis in children under fifteen, as they often
neglect preventive measures and become infected with lice.
Despite the fact that people prefer to be treated for lice.
yourself before choosing a remedy for lice
It is advisable to consult a doctor.