If you have bazalioma on the face, you need to immediately
see a doctor because only professional treatment
deliver you from this unpleasant tumor that over time
will only grow. Learn more about her:
causes, types, therapies, projections.
- Causes of basal cell carcinoma on the face
- Types of neoplasms
- Basal treatment on the face
The skin of the face is so vulnerable organ of the human body that
reacts to the smallest factors of all kinds of tumors.
Inflammations and tumors, spots and rashes, peeling and ulcers – everything is not
just causes discomfort, but also requires treatment and special care.
If you treat these phenomena lightly, you can pay
their health. All this can eventually turn into a disease
which can only be eliminated surgically. One of
such neoplasms – basal cell skin,
which most often appears on the nose. She represents
tumor of the basal epithelium. Dermatologists and oncologists refer her to
one of the many types of cancer, but by its properties
it is neither benign nor malignant.
Develops from the follicular epithelium and atypical basal
epidermal cells. To protect yourself from such trouble, you need
know where it comes from.
Causes of basal cell carcinoma on the face
This tumor appears on the face with the same frequency.
women and men, i.e. sex bindings
It has. But age features it dictated more often.
Up to 50 years, cases of the disease are very rare. But after this milestone
The risk of this tumor is very high. To protect yourself
from her, you need to know the main causes of basal cell carcinoma
face, among which doctors call the following factors:
- permanent tan, excess of ultraviolet light, abuse
tanning beds, too long exposure to the sun;
- exposure to high temperatures (for example, work on
- ionizing (radioactive, X-ray) radiation, radiation
- contact with carcinogenic substances (arsenic, tar, tar,
soot, oil products, some dyes) – and in this regard
smokers are at risk because tobacco tar
promote the development of basal cell carcinoma;
- elderly age;
- bright skin;
- tendency to form freckles and age spots;
- hereditary, genetic diseases;
- chronic inflammations on the skin of the face;
- frequent burns;
- keloid scars;
- trophic changes (lipodermatosclerosis, hyperpigmentation,
microbial eczema, white atrophy);
- frequent mechanical damage to the same areas
- reduced immunity due to HIV, receiving cytostatic
drugs, blood diseases, organ transplants;
- living in the southern regions (where there is a lot of sun).
That is why basalioma appears on the face: everything
these factors may contribute to its formation. Although nature
the origin of this tumor, like other types of cancer, is
not fully understood. These are only the assumptions of scientists
however, be sure to keep in mind to avoid dangerous
consequences. Depending on the appearance (clinical picture) and
degrees of neglect in medicine distinguish the following types of basaliomas
on the face.
Origin of name. The term “basalioma”
goes back to the Greek word “basis” – the basis, since it consists of
basal (main) cells.
Before removing the mole, consider the consequences. From the article
You will learn about possible complications after surgery.
Эффективное лечение кожи лица грязевыми масками>>.
Types of neoplasms
Such tumors appear mainly on
open skin, i.e. face. They most often affect the wings of the nose,
nasolabial folds, upper lip, temples, corners of the eyes (as external,
and internal). To manifest themselves can be different. Because
symptoms of the disease is not the same, there are several
types, stages and forms of this tumor.
Types of basal cell carcinoma on the face:
- nodular form – exophytic (i.e. growing
inside) a roundish tumor, usually pink, prone to
bleeding, resembles a small knot in appearance, in the center
which you can see the recess;
- ulcerative basalioma is usually formed from
nodular, if she did not undergo any treatment, was
- solid (large-silt, nodular) basalioma – single
node in the form of a sphere, growing not inward, but outward;
- flat bazalioma face – plaque with
raised, clearly defined roller-like edges;
- surface basal cell carcinoma of the face –
a rarity (usually affects the body, not the face), represents
pink spot with a shiny surface and raised edges, the most
safe of all other forms, as there may exist
decades, gradually increasing in size, but not causing
special harm to health;
- warty basalioma – small
numerous hemispherical dense nodules towering above
the surface of the skin, like the inflorescences of cauliflower bright
There is another classification of basalis,
applied directly in narrow circles of medicine – International
- surface multicentric;
In medical certificates and maps after visiting an oncologist or
dermatologist can find diagnostic stages
basal cell carcinoma encrypted with special indexed letters:
- T – primary tumor (initial stage
basal cell carcinoma);
- Tx – not enough data to set accurate
- T0 – basalioma is not determined;
- Tis – preinvasive carcinoma;
- T1 – basal cell carcinoma up to 2 cm (stage I);
- T2 – a tumor up to 5 cm (II stage);
- T3 – neoplasm more than 5 cm (stage III).
- T4 – basal cell carcinoma, which grows deep into the dermis, muscles,
cartilage, bone (stage IV).
Different stages and forms of basal cell carcinoma require different
approach and treatment. The sooner the disease is recognized, the faster
you will get rid of this tumor. And this can be done only at the reception
at the oncologist after cytological examination and biopsy. So don’t
It is worthwhile to go to the doctor. Only he can appoint
therapeutic course. Self-medication will lead to complications and
the last stage, which is already for life will remain with you.
According to statistics. As show
studies, in 96% of cases, single basalioma is formed on the face.
And only in 4% – multiple (i.e., with several foci).
Basal treatment on the face
After diagnosis, the doctor prescribes treatment
basal cell carcinoma of the face, depending on its shape and stage
The main methods of therapy are as follows:
- radiation treatment of basal cell carcinoma is prescribed for
the initial stage of tumor development when it is affected
- surgical removal of basal cell carcinoma is possible only
in the presence of a small size of the tumor;
- combination therapy is a consequence already
advanced stages of basal cell carcinoma: first it is irradiated and then prescribed
excision; with relapses, the same procedure is prescribed.
- drug method – the use of small
doses of cytostatic drugs (spirobromin, prospidin,
- cryogenic treatment (cryotherapy,
cryodestruction) – freezing of basal cell carcinoma to -20 ° C in combination with
ultrasound, the most successful method that does not require anesthesia and does not
- laser therapy – applied to tumors
- electrocoagulation – basal cell carcinoma
Sometimes, along with medical treatment of basal cell carcinoma, the doctor may
allow use of folk remedies. But their use
must be extremely careful and cautious.
There are various folk remedies for
basal cell carcinoma, which, judging by the reviews, may even facilitate
course of the disease. However, it is worth remembering that all these
compresses and masks should not be used to treat bleeding ulcers,
otherwise, infection can occur. Therefore it is best to get
permission from a dermatologist (or oncologist) to use them.
Fresh carrot grate and make a compress on
basalioma. Along the way, you can drink a glass of fresh twice a day.
Fresh juice celandine lubricate basal cellulose every day.
In parallel with the external use of this herb can be consumed
inside his tincture. Pour a glass of boiling water teaspoon
dried celandine flowers. Drink three times a day, 50 ml.
- Tobacco tincture
Pour 50 grams of tobacco with a glass of vodka, leave in the fridge for 2
of the week. Capacity daily shake. Strain. Moisten in
the resulting tincture cotton wool and fix it on the basal cell
a plaster. The course of treatment is 10 days.
- Camphor tincture
Buy in the pharmacy camphor crystals (10 grams). Dilute to 50%
alcohol. Defend the mixture until all is dissolved.
crystals. It usually takes a few days. A course of treatment
compresses – 10 days. Set the interval to 5 days and start again.
for a 10-day treatment. Camphor compresses gradually reduce
- Multicomponent ointment against basal cell carcinoma
At home, you can cook quite effective
ointment for basal cell carcinoma on the face. Mix 200 grams of chopped pulp
Aloe leaves, 100 ml cedar oil, 50 grams of birch tar.
Heat in a water bath to 50 ° C. Add 20 grams of beeswax.
Brewer’s yeast diluted with water. Moisten a small fleece in them or
gauze, fix on the basal area with a plaster for several hours.
Make such gadgets daily.
Mix 2 grams of mummy, 500 ml of grape juice. Heat on water
bath up to 70 ° C. To drink inside on an empty stomach on 50 ml within 10 days.
Professional therapy of basal cell carcinoma on the face – a guarantee of complete
recovery in most cases. But self-treatment and use
folk remedies without the permission of the doctor are fraught with complications and
protracted course of the disease. Although the overall forecast turns out to be
About the consequences. After irradiation and
cryodestruction basal cell carcinoma on the face may remain keloid scars,
if you have a tendency to their education.
Doctors give a favorable prognosis for basal cell carcinoma.
skin I-III stages, when it does not germinate inside the cartilage, bones and
muscle But even the IV stage of the disease is treated surgically, and
damaged craniofacial bones are replaced by plates within
plastic surgery. Everything else
the effects of basal cell carcinoma have no effect on
the health of the patient or his appearance (skin after
recovery does not keep traces of the tumor). So do not lower
hands and fear of operations – sometimes this is the only way
remove the lesion forever. But if you do not see a doctor
timely, it is fraught with irreversible changes on the skin:
- at first appears harmless on the face (at first glance)
- it soon becomes ulcerated (covered with small sores), on
it forms a crust;
- within 3-4 months (and sometimes years) the nodule gradually grows
in breadth and constantly accompanied by the formation of bleeding and
- the tumor becomes clearly lobed;
- telangiectasia (vascular
nets and asterisks, small capillaries in large quantities
- in the absence of proper treatment, basalioma turns into
sufficiently large in area (more than 10 cm) flat plaque, which
constantly peel off, or in a mushroom node, protruding above
surface of the skin, or into a deep ulcer that will gradually
destroy nearby bones and muscle tissue.
But bazalioma after removing you is not at all
will bother. Modern plastic surgery has reached
significant heights, so that after its excision or irradiation is not
there are no scars or scars. It is worth deciding on such a step
to forget about this attack forever and never again to her
return. You need to understand that basalioma on the face is not easy
cosmetic problem that can be solved at home.
This is a serious skin disease that needs to be treated.
professionally and as quickly as possible.