Causes of baldness in women and men. Alopecia and her views

It should be noted immediately: hair loss per se is absolutely
natural phenomenon, and normally every person loses on average from
80 to 100 hairs per day. At the same time, people with baldness lose
the same – with the only difference that hair follicles, going
in the resting stage, no longer return to the production of new cells.
Thus, a normal and continuous cycle of alternation of active
growth and rest of the follicles is disturbed, and hair loss is becoming
more noticeable.

However, there are varieties of baldness, in which
hair falls out at an ominous pace, but such abnormalities occur
much less. Depending on the factors and nature of baldness
secrete several types of alopecia.

Types of Alopecia

Androgenic Alopecia – Causes

The content of the article:

  • Androgenic Alopecia – Causes
  • Traction alopecia – from what is happening and how
  • Focal (cluster) alopecia – the roots of the problem and prognosis
  • Telogen alopecia – what is the source of the problem?
  • Anagenovy alopecia – usually occurs after chemotherapy

This baldness is one of the most common
types – both men and women are subject to it
beautiful sex. However, it proceeds in different ways: if
women hair loss occurs randomly at different sites
heads, the men affected areas are very pronounced and
increase sequentially. Based on this, androgenic
alopecia and got a second name – male pattern baldness
to type.

testosteroneAndrogenic Alopecia –
practically the only type of baldness due to genetically
moreover, this feature can be transmitted both male and
female line, and the shape of the bald patches coincide completely. Reason for this
become androgens – hormones that among other functions
control the work of hair follicles. Dominant role in
This process is played by testosterone – a hormone, also related to
androgen group. Testosterone is present in the body of all people.
– however, its level may fluctuate under the influence of certain

The hormone present in the blood is delivered to the hair
follicles in the capillaries, suitable to the hair papillae. Exactly
there it interacts with the enzyme in the bulb under
name 5-alpha reductase. The result is
Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) is a biologically active form of the hormone.
Narrowing the lumen of the capillaries and provoking an increased separation of the skin
fat, DHT impairs blood flow and promotes clogging of follicular
since then As a result, the nutrition of the follicles is disturbed. Not getting
sufficient for the growth of substances, they move to the stage
telogen. The formation of dihydrotestosterone is affected by
hereditary factor – a special gene gives a kind of signal for growth
DHT concentrations.

EstrogenThe only hormone that can withstand
active testosterone – estrogen. Traditionally, its level in women
quite high, so at reproductive age the risk of balding
extremely low. However, with the entry into menopause, the level of estrogen
sharply reduced, the protection of hair from the effects of DHT falls – namely
therefore, excessive hair loss during menopause is not so rare

However, even if the family has a predisposition to
androgenic alopecia, this is not a reason to despair. Genetically
the inherent feature will manifest itself – but only if you accept it and do not
take no action. Today there are many methods and
ways to combat male pattern baldness – in this course they
will be considered. The following are examples of this.
type of alopecia (clickable).

Traction alopecia – from what is happening and how

Damaged bulbs rush to complete their activities and
go into the telogen phase earlier than usual. This is usually
temporary phenomenon – follicles are restored and rest in
for 3-4 months and then return to normal operation.
However, if you subject your hair to shocking effects constantly,
the bulbs will remain dormant almost constantly – and
alopecia in this case is inevitable.

Focal (cluster) alopecia – the roots of the problem and prognosis

This form of alopecia is associated with immune disorders in the body.
As a result of the failure of protective forces, leukocytes begin to perceive
hair follicles as alien formations – and provoke them
rejection. At the same time, even and absolutely
smooth pockets of baldness – it is noteworthy that the density of the hair
cover on adjacent sites is maintained.

Cases of alopecia areata are noted less often – however
even children may suffer. The disease is not amenable to medication
treatment and self-treatment. However, when the hair will be again
growing normally is difficult to predict.

Telogen alopecia – what is the source of the problem?

Another name for this type of baldness is alopecia.
follicles. The main reason for its occurrence – strong stress,
caused by serious negative and sometimes tragic events in
of life. In this case, hair loss begins only a few months.
after a nervous breakdown and often turns out to be noticeable
only for the victim. At the same time the bulbs preserve health and
time returns to the anagen stage.

Alopecia after childbirth also refers to the telogen type
Alopecia – but at the same time, stress is more likely physiological
character. Estrogen Rises During Pregnancy
completely neutralizes the activity of DHT, resulting in
hair follicles are constantly in the anagen stage – and
the shag becomes thicker. After childbirth hormonal background begins
return to normal, and actively working bulbs tend to
go into the resting phase, causing the hair to start abundantly
fall out.

Anagenovy alopecia – usually occurs after chemotherapy

Anagenal alopecia is called a large-scale hair loss after
courses of radiation therapy and chemotherapy for cancer. AT
difference from the same telogen hair loss, the effects of therapeutic
procedures become noticeable after a couple of weeks. Chemio and radiation
therapy has long been recognized as the most effective methods in combating
cancerous cells, guaranteed to kill if not all, then more and
the most dangerous part of them.

However, the damaging effects of medicinal and radiation
methods are rendered to any other cells that divide quickly –
and those that make up the hair belong to that. Eventually
all the activity of the bulbs is blocked by drugs or procedures, and
hair fall out partially or completely. This phenomenon is also
temporary, and with a successful outcome of therapy, the hair comes back
in normal condition – usually it takes 10-12 months.

After getting the idea of ​​the most common
types of alopecia, it’s time to talk about the causes of its occurrence.
In fact, pathological hair loss is not necessary
caused by hormonal or genetic reasons – deviation
The following factors may also cause:

  • Improper nutrition. For normal
    functioning, hair follicles require all possible
    nutrients – proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and
    trace elements. When the body begins to experience their deficiency – and
    it may be associated with diets for the purpose of losing weight, forced
    fasting, metabolic or any disease
    – hair does not get enough “building material” for its
    cells. The consequences of this are very bad: the hair looks
    unhealthy, lacking luster, easily confused or fall out reinforced
    at a pace.
  • Various aggressive manipulations with hair.
    Such phenomena include the use of various (often
    cheap and having a suspicious composition of styling products,
    dyeing, perm, straightening and other procedures
    aimed at changing the color and structure of hair. However, even
    expensive and high-quality chemicals can over time
    destroy the hair shafts – respectively, and alopecia
  • Overdrying hair. Today for styling
    Freesers, curling irons, styling tongs are often used – all these
    devices are very effective and allow you to create the most beautiful
    hairstyles in minutes. Still no matter how praised
    manufacturers of hairdressing devices the quality of their products and
    advertised the latest ionizing and tourmaline coatings, the essence
    their work remains the same: under the action of high temperatures
    the scales are either soldered or opened and damaged. With
    This hair becomes very fragile and can break down
    even fall out.
  • Incorrect combing. Trichologists in one
    voice claim: combing wet hair in no case
    can’t! Under the influence of water, they become thinner and more vulnerable, and
    the slightest tension with a hairbrush injures them very much. However,
    many prefer to comb their hair after a shower, fearing that they are dry
    strands will go awry. In this case, it is desirable to use
    a rare wooden comb or just smooth your hair with your fingers.
    The same applies to men accustomed to styling wet hair.
    parting and wondering why the bald patches appear in these
  • Incorrect headwashing. Wrong
    selected shampoos and conditioners too frequent and too
    a vigorous wash in which hair is pulled, hard drying and
    rubbing with a towel, twisting strands often leads to
    loosening of hair shafts and follicles. To avoid this,
    it is necessary to properly select washing and care products for
    head of hair and as much as possible avoid excessively strong impact on
    curls and scalp.
  • Aggressive sun exposure. Active
    ultraviolet disrupts the water-mineral balance in the hair shafts,
    which leads to their drying out, weakening of the bulbs and excessive
    fallout. The same can be said about the effect of chlorinated
    water that dries the hair is not worse than sunlight. Measures
    The precautions in this case are quite simple: careful
    hair rinsing after the pool and swim head protection
    hat, and on the beach – a hat, which is not recommended
    shoot in a period of increased solar activity.
  • Increased sebaceous gland activity. Under
    the influence of harmful chemical compounds, fungal diseases or
    actions of the same testosterone are suitable for the hair bulb
    sebaceous glands produce excess sebum. In the end, it’s time
    the follicle is stopped, and it cannot function normally, which
    leads to the termination of his work.

Now that the features and causes of the origin of the various
types of alopecia identified, the time to move to the most current
the question – what tools and methods can help stop
pathological baldness.

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