Chicken parasites are carriers of dangerous infections,
which pose a threat even to humans. Therefore, lice bring
not only discomfort to the hens, but also can significantly reduce
livestock poultry. With the defeat of parasites chicken
weakens, resulting in her immunity decreases. Bird
becomes defenseless against other diseases. With
Without treatment, the death of a chicken is possible.
- 1 What chicken lice look like, what they eat and how they multiply, their kinds
- 2 Symptoms and possible consequences of infection of the bird
- 3 How to get rid of lice from chickens – the fight against the parasite?
- 4 How to treat chickens from lice at home?
- 5 Chicken lice preparations
- 6 Chicken lice – how to get rid of folk remedies?
- 7 How to handle chicks and chickens – treatment features?
- 8 How to treat a chicken coop from lice and fleas?
- 9 Are chicken lice dangerous to humans?
- 10 Is it possible to eat meat of an infected bird?
- 11 Can chicken lice go to the bulls?
- 12 Are there any other poultry lice – turkeys and ducks?
- 13 Prevention methods and how to prevent the appearance of lice in domestic birds
What chicken lice look like, what they eat and how they multiply, their
The content of the article:
- What chicken lice look like, what they eat and how they multiply, their
- Symptoms and possible consequences of infection of the bird
- How to get rid of lice from chickens – the fight against the parasite?
- How to treat chickens from lice at home?
- Chicken lice preparations
- Chicken lice – how to get rid of folk remedies?
- How to handle chicks and chickens – treatment features?
- How to treat a chicken coop from lice and fleas?
- Are chicken lice dangerous to humans?
- Is it possible to eat meat of an infected bird?
- Can chicken lice go to the bulls?
- Are there any other poultry lice – turkeys and ducks?
- Prevention methods and how to prevent the appearance of lice in
Chicken lice or mallofagi are wingless
small insects. They have an elongated
round body, which is divided into segments. Parasite exoskeleton
it is painted in yellow-brown color.
On the shell of some individuals you can notice dark spots and
stripes. The head of insects in comparison with the body is wider. On her
Anterior antennae are located.
The size of the body lice does not exceed 1.5-2 cm. There are 3
pairs of paws that end in sharp growths. Last
necessary for reliable fixation of the insect on the feathers of birds. AT
as an additional attachment, the parasite often uses mandibles.
Chicken lice eat keratinous epithelium of birds, fluff and
feathers. Because of the dietary habits of these parasites, they are also called
IMPORTANT. Most chicken lice do not drink blood.
Mallophagi usually feed on coagulated fluid that protrudes.
on the skin of scratching and small wounds.
Females of fluffy-eaters lay white oval eggs 0.5
mm and attach them to the down or body of a chicken. They can be considered
under the magnifying glass. After 5-18 days, the larvae are born, on the outside
looking similar to an adult.
Within a month they molt about 3 times. After the last molt
their body is covered with exoskeleton. During this period they reach
puberty and begin to multiply rapidly. Couple
insects in the course of life lays more than 100,000 eggs.
The growth and reproduction of parasites are directly dependent on the state
the environment. The most favorable conditions for life
mallofag is the temperature + 25 … + 30 ° С, 70-80% humidity in
indoors. The whole life of the puffed-ups goes on the body of the wearer.
When released into the external environment, the lice do not live 2-4
Parasitic disease of chickens with lice is called mallophagus.
Insects are not able to change the owner. There are 2 subgroups
- the first feed on keratinized skin scales, down or
- the latter eat coagulated blood on wounds, cause
itching and irritation of the skin of the bird.
In Russia, there are 22 types of lice. Of them, chickens strike
fluffy eats. With bloodsucking insects problems arise
Symptoms and possible consequences of infection of the bird
Chicken lice infect domestic birds regardless of age.
The source of infection is both chicken care products and
sick individuals. In most cases, parasite eggs are passed to
within cells, through perches, dust baths.
Parasitic disease occurs in late spring and early
in the fall. The risk of hitting chicks with lice increases with
improper poultry, unbalanced diet,
high humidity in the hen house.
REFERENCE. Insects most often affect roosters,
than hens. This is due to their own bird hygiene. By
compared with females, males do not pay enough attention to cleaning
feathers, rarely use dust baths.
There are the following symptoms that can be identified
- Lice do not tolerate sunlight well.
therefore looking for UV protection under the wings and
tail. Insect colonies are concentrated in the lateral and
lower parts of the hen’s body. See parasites with the naked eye
difficult because the brown color of the exoskeleton blends with the color
feathers. With an increase in the number of insects in the colony of chickens quickly
go bald. Feathers start falling out of the neck, back and
- Parasites can settle on the mucous membrane
eye. At the same time, there is a discharge of purulent exudate,
conjunctivitis develops, accompanied by strong
- With a careful study of feathers can be found
holes. They are left by an insect that eats down on
to the extent of its progress through the body of the bird.
- Chicken lice are more likely to infect new feathers. because of
this feature, the symptoms of the disease worsen during the period of molting.
The bird loses weight, stops carrying eggs.
- The chicken becomes restless. Bird constantly
cleans plumage, starts pecking at his body and plucking down. With
severe parasitic disease on the skin of the animal appear
wounds, dried blood on the feathers. Minor damage
pus flows. Traces of bowel movements appear on the crest and catkins earrings.
parasites – dark brown spots.
Before starting treatment, you must make sure that you have
parasites on bird feathers. To inspect the bird
need to leave the chicken in direct sunlight for 10
Alternatively, you can use warming.
a lamp. Under the influence of heat, parasites begin to creep out of
fluff and become clearly visible under the feathers. Dead bird lice
immediately leave because the chicken carcass cools and does not
provides parasites with favorable conditions for
IMPORTANT. It is necessary to distinguish mallophoz and scabies,
which leads to the defeat of microscopic mites. Last
become visible under the microscope when the cornified layer is scraped
Chicken lice cannot be ignored. They
pose a threat to life for both young and adults
the birds. Insects carry a number of serious diseases:
- chicken flu.
Some of the chicken parasites can be
carriers of helminths. Therefore, when in contact with the patient
chicken can be infected with other pets and even
How to get rid of lice from chickens – the fight against the parasite?
In the fight against parasites, it is recommended to use
several treatments at the same time. Such an approach
increases the chance of full recovery of chickens.
For complex therapy should be used.
special preparations for the treatment of poultry, antiseptics
for disinfecting all surfaces in the coop and means for
pest control on chickens.
Chemicals can be used with folk
If parasites are found, the following should be followed.
- Remove all birds from the chicken coop.
- Wash the room thoroughly, sanitize everything
surface chemical compounds.
- Process all the chickens in turn, starting with the chicks,
ending with adults. Latest recommended
clean the cocks. More parasites settle on the males.
- After that, bring the birds back to the hen house and not
disturb within 48-72 hours.
- After this time you need to inspect all chickens on
the presence of parasites. If necessary, repeat
processing. This requires the use of alternative means
How to treat chickens from lice at home?
It is necessary to process the hens with alcohol solutions and
powder means. The latter must be mixed with sand or
dust that birds use to bath and clean
Treatment procedures must be repeated every 8-12.
days. In the cold season, the gap between the procedures
should be 15 days.
Chicken lice preparations
In most cases, for processing use
- Enterobacter water-based suspension;
- Tsiodrin, Permethrin emulsion;
- Chlorofos solution, Trichlormetaphos-3;
- Ekoflis aerosol;
- Feverfew as a powder, Sevin for treatment
- 5-7% Turingin.
Drugs can be purchased at any veterinary
pharmacy. If these funds are not available, you can
use for the treatment of medicines for dogs and cats
from fleas. The dosage of solutions should not be changed.
Chicken lice – how to get rid of folk remedies?
Instead of chemical drugs, you can use the following
- mix kerosene and vinegar in equal proportions for processing
- make weekly ash baths, pyrethrum powder,
sand, taken in equal proportions;
- for treatment of the neck, ammonia is used mixed with
- essential oils from eucalyptus and rosemary leaves;
- herbal infusions of wormwood, peppermint, wild rosemary and tansy.
Traditional methods of treating birds from parasites do not cause
harm to chickens and do not pose a threat to health
the birds. Natural ingredients do not give side
How to handle chicks and chickens – treatment features?
If there is a risk of chicks becoming infected with lice,
carry out regular disinfection of the coop with special
means. Do not use drugs for adults
Handle chicks allowed synthetic
ethanol based compounds. Ethyl alcohol will help
clean chick lice skin from chickens. It is necessary
avoid contact with the eyes and on the beak of the young. Required
wipe with alcohol solution any smooth surfaces in
In addition to ethanol, you can use the following compounds for
- solutions with sodium hypochlorite – to abuse
means impossible because a chemical
destructive effect on epithelial cells;
- iodine based formulations;
- phenolic compounds.
The latter are completely odorless.
Such compositions can be used with cold water. During
chemical treatment should hold the beak and cover the eyes of chicks
with your fingers to secure the ingress of synthetic compounds into
lungs, esophagus and organs of sight.
Otherwise, the chicken may die from injuries.
or go completely blind.
How to treat a chicken coop from lice and fleas?
Cleaning the room where poultry live allows
reduce the risk of re-parasitic invasion. In the hen house
insect eggs could remain, of which may subsequently
Garbage, dirt, grain residues should be removed from the premises.
and litter. It is necessary to change the straw or sawdust, make
contaminated rags and nests.
Chemical treatment is carried out with the help of special tools
which can be purchased at hardware stores.
If you carry out disinfection with synthetic drugs
not planned, then you can use steam cleaning as
alternative option. This will require
steam cleaner – the device is often sold in stores
IMPORTANT. Heat treatment unlike
chemical agents are not able to poison chickens with improper
It is necessary to thoroughly clean the slots, the floor, the points of contact.
parts designs. Hard to reach places recommended
treat with aerosol products. After disinfection die
any kinds of parasites.
Poles and shelves for birds must be wiped with ammonia.
alcohol and other strong odor products. Wherein
you must choose those chemicals that will not harm
Chickens respiratory system:
- solution karbofos;
- Ekoflis or Geth spray;
- water solution Butox.
It is strictly forbidden to use chlorine.
After processing it is necessary to locate poultry in
The coop must be quarantined closed for 24-72 hours, in
during which large colonies of parasites must die. In that
period will need to seal the slots and holes through which
rodents are able to penetrate the house.
Are chicken lice dangerous to humans?
In rare cases, chicken lice can attack a person or
get on it by chance after contact with an infected bird. At that
the same time, the insect can not harm people – the skin
mammals more dense, so the parasite will not be able to eat
keratinized epithelium and will soon die of hunger.
Neither hair nor hair is suitable for eating.
blood. Because of this, chicken lice use a person in
as a temporary carrier, until migrating to the bird’s body.
REFERENCE. For breeding parasites need
temperature + 40 ° C, which is present in the fluff in chickens. On the skin and in
human hair temperature is lower, so insects are deprived
opportunities to lay eggs.
At the same time, a person can become infected with an infection that
carry lice on themselves. Bacteria are transmitted through
open wounds, scratches, abrasions.
Parasites get access to blood vessels and be sure
try blood to determine if they are suitable for nutrition.
To prevent infection, it is recommended to close wounds.
band-aid or a tight bandage on
If lice accidentally hit your skin or hair, you should
take a shower or a hot bath. After that it is recommended
comb carefully to remove insect bodies. For elimination
Chicken lice is enough to conduct 1 procedure.
Is it possible to eat meat of an infected bird?
Lice are carriers of severe infections and are often
helminth carriers. Eggs last able to get into poultry meat
through abrasions or injuries.
To protect yourself from infection, you must
refuse to eat sick bird meat.
IMPORTANT. Similar warning applies to chick
eggs obtained from diseased chicken. Embryos can also
contain pathogens and helminth eggs.
Can chicken lice go to the bulls?
Parasites during their life cycle are practically not
leave the owner. As an exception, you can select situations
when the bird dies. Insects migrate from the dead body during
environment to find new media.
The host organism for chicken lice can only become
bird. This kind of insect cannot eat
blood and fur of mammals. Therefore, the transmission of parasites from
sick chickens to cattle impossible.
Are there any other poultry lice – turkeys and ducks?
Small insects can affect other species of birds besides
chickens and roosters. Carriers of parasites are often not
only domesticated turkeys, geese and ducks, but also sparrows and pigeons.
Some types of chicken lice can migrate to
wool rats. As a result of constant movement from
one host to another needs preventive measures to be taken
all poultry on the farm.
Prevention methods and how to prevent the appearance of lice in
To reduce the chances of infection of chickens, you should take
- protect the chicken coop from street rodents
birds and wild animals – patch holes in the walls and roof
- for walking it is necessary to use mesh
pens that limit contact with others
- the chicken coop should be spacious;
- maintain clean bird shed:
regularly replace litter, give new feed and water;
- clean up trash: excrement, food residue,
shells and feathers;
- for scaring lice need to decompose in the hen house
herbal preparations from tansy, wormwood, lavender;
- Every month to examine the plumage of chickens for the presence of
Strict compliance with preventive measures will help to prevent
development of parasitic disease.