Cracks in the fingers: causes and methods treatment

The appearance of painful cracks on the skin of the fingers is sometimes
difficult to explain due to the absence of apparent reasons. Their
unattractive look is only half the problem. Slow healing and
constantly bleeding sores make it difficult to do manual work,
deliver discomfort, interfere with normal life
person To prevent a problem, it is important to know about possible
the reasons for its occurrence, as well as the existing methods of treatment
cracks on the fingers, which will get rid of them in the shortest possible time and
help to avoid serious complications.


  • Causes of cracks in the fingers
  • The main places of formation of cracks
  • Drug treatment
  • Treatment of folk remedies

Causes of cracks in the fingers

Human skin serves as an excellent indicator that points to
the health of the body. As soon as his work appears
any malfunction, the epidermis is the first to respond to them, feeding
signals. Cracks in the skin of the fingers may
signal the development of certain diseases.


Fungus. Diseases caused by parasitic fungi destroy
nails and damage the skin on the fingers, causing severe itching
and peeling. While progressing, the disease may contribute to
deep wounds.

Diabetes. Systematic increase in blood sugar levels
instantly affects the condition of the skin of the hands. Dryness appears, and
as a result, cracks, ulcers, sores, and gouty nodules.

Dermatological diseases. These include pediatric dermatitis,
eczema and psoriasis.

Avitaminosis. With a lack of vitamins in the body, the skin (in
particular on the hands and face) begins to peel off, it becomes dry,
may crack.

Endocrine diseases. Malfunctions of the endocrine system can
disrupt the metabolism of the skin.

Problems with the skin of the hands and fingers can also cause such
adverse external factors like:

  • frequent skin contact with very cold or chlorinated
  • exposure to household chemicals and other aggressive substances;
  • cosmetic products of dubious quality or expired
    shelf life;
  • climatic conditions (frost, cold, wind, arid climate,
    temperature drops);
  • prolonged exposure to direct sunlight.

The main places of formation of cracks

Cracks and wounds are localized on the folds of the fingers, in the folds on
palms and from the outside over the joints, on the fingertips,
near the nails (nail roll area), at the base of the phalanges
fingers and between them.

The most vulnerable areas are the folds of the fingers. Slightest movement
brushes leads to the fact that the skin in these places is stretched, and in
If it is very dry and tight, a rupture may occur.
The period of healing of cracks in these places is quite long.


Corns are often formed on finger pads, which are replaced by
cracks. Non-healing damage in this area is characteristic of
an inflammatory condition like eczema. Cracks between
fingers – the first signs of palm-plantar psoriasis. BUT
their appearance under the nails is most often associated with avitaminosis, eczema
and the development of fungal diseases.

Drug treatment

Proper treatment for any disease ensures quick
recovery. Therefore, before proceeding with the elimination of this or that
another problem should first find out the exact reasons
provoked this phenomenon. So, when detected on the skin of the hands
cracks, you need to immediately contact a dermatologist. The specialist appoints
first of all, scraping fingers to check for or
absence of mycosis or mycelium. If the result is positive,
anti-fungal therapy is prescribed.

Shallow cracks can be eliminated using cosmetic
creams and balms, which contain ingredients with
softening, moisturizing, anti-inflammatory properties and
extracts of medicinal plants. For example, cream “Green Pharmacy”
(with chamomile extract), “Bioderma”, “Boro plus” (pink and
green), Rilana, as well as silicone, spermaceti and
lanolin cream. Among the balms can be distinguished “rescuer” and
“The keeper”.

For complications, pharmaceutical ointments with wound healing are necessary.
action: ichthyol, calendula ointment, Vishnevsky ointment,
“Dexapanthenol”. Pronounced deep cracks on fingers faster
are cured with Sulfacrylate medical glue and

All drugs must be prescribed by a doctor after
preliminary examination. Treatment of severe cases
provides for the appointment of drugs with more powerful and wide
spectrum of action.

Antiseptics (Chlorhexidine, hydrogen peroxide, Miramistin).
Usually used in combination with wound healing agents and in
to prevent infection.

Antibacterial drugs. Apply only if available
bacterial infection.

Drugs to stimulate tissue metabolism – Methyluracil,
Actovegin, Radevit. Not recommended
on their own.

Corticosteroid ointments for the treatment of diseases such as
dermatitis, eczema – Flutsinar, Prednisolone ointment, Fluorocort,
Celestoderm. For psoriasis, active-based emulsions are prescribed.
substances: aloe, tar, grease, ammonia.

Treatment of folk remedies

The influence of external stimuli that promote the appearance of cracks,
it is possible, if not avoided, then shortened by following simple daily
to the rules.


Wear rubber gloves when hands come into contact with household appliances.

  • Wash your hands with baby soap.
  • Daily moisturize the skin, it will reduce the risk
  • If shallow cracks on the fingers are sometimes
    arise, they can be cured with the help of folk remedies,
    cooked at home.

Potato decoction. 1 tbsp. a spoonful of potato starch mixed with
2 tbsp. tablespoons of vegetable oil and add 500 ml of water in which
cooked potatoes. Lower into the broth hands for 13-15 minutes. Then
wash and towel dry.

Milky-glycerin solution. 200 ml of water mixed with the same
the amount of milk, add 5-6 drops of glycerin and 1.5-2 Art. spoons
corn starch. Keep hands in the solution for 7-10 minutes.

Cedar oil. To moisten linen fabric of 30х30 cm in size
preheated cedar oil and wrap her hands. Through
30 minutes to deploy.

Cucumber compress. 1 peeled fresh cucumber and
Grate on a fine grater. Apply gruel to cracks or
damaged areas.

Deep and constantly forming cracks in the fingers,
that cannot be treated with simple remedies
show a specialist. Such skin lesions may occur.
due to infection or fungus
special treatment. Self-medication is not worth doing. It can
prove not only ineffective, but cause serious
complications and bring harm to health.

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