Dog lice and nits – what they look like and what to treat, is it possible to get infected and the best remedies against lignnosis dogs

Everyone knows about this disease as pediculosis in humans. But,
It turns out that lice can also affect dogs! This problem is not
should cause great concern among the owners of four-legged, since
it is eliminated without any problems. dog lice

Do dogs have lice and nits, what do they look like and can
to live a long time

The content of the article:

  • Do dogs have lice and nits, what do they look like and can
    to live a long time
  • Types of lice in dogs, unlike lice from fleas, than dangerous lice for
    an animal
  • Symptoms of lice and nits in dogs, causes and ways
  • Can lice and nits from a person be transmitted to a dog and can
    does a person get infected by a dog
  • How to get lice in dogs – the treatment and the most effective ways
    pest control
  • TOP best remedies against lignnatoza in dogs
  • How to get rid of dog lice at home folk
    by means
  • How to treat puppies and whether there are differences
  • Preventing lice in dogs and how to clean a house for
    prevent disease
  • Frequently asked Questions
  • Conclusion

Dogs, like many other animals, can be
bearers of lice and nits. Identify them possible with careful
examination of the animal’s fur.

Nits look like white little grains attached to
wool most often located closer to the root. By
appearance resemble dandruff. Life cycle nits
Lasts 21 days. lice

Lice are usually small with a yellow-gray color, have a narrow
flattened elongated body and elongated head. Visually you can
notice a clear separation on the narrow head, chest and abdomen. Eyes
absent, piercing-sucking mouth apparatus, with paws
claws Parasites are localized most often at the tips of the ears, near
the eye, around the anus and in places where the wool

Without a host lice live no more than 3 days. Treatment process
and full recovery takes up to 30 days.

Types of lice in dogs, unlike lice from fleas, than dangerous lice for
an animal

Two types of lice infesting dogs have been found in nature:

  • Trichodectes canis (eaters) – chewing or
    biting lice. Differ flat blunt head. Feed on cells
    epidermis and sebaceous secretions of the skin. Are carriers
    tapeworms. They feed on dog fluff and skin scales.
    Trichodectes canis
  • Linognathus setosus – sucking lice. More often
    found in regions with a cold climate. Strike long-haired
    dogs. Characterized by a pointed proboscis. Feed on blood and
    lymph of dogs. Linognathus setosus

The body of the flea has a laterally compressed form, covered with scales,
setae and spines. A flea can reach 5mm in length and sometimes

Important! To distinguish fleas from lice, look at
their way of traveling. Lice are very fast and fleas
move by jumping.

Lack of adequate treatment for parasites threatens
dog depression of the nervous system, exhaustion, anemia, infection
helminths. Also, lice can trigger
purulent wounds, skin diseases (dermatitis, eczema, etc.)

Symptoms of lice and nits in dogs, causes and ways

To detect lice in a dog, just hold
pet inspection. Adults can be seen unaided
with the eye, and when combing the hair white nits will stick to
hair, unlike dandruff.

Reference! If you wet your skin with lice infested
dogs, you can smell the mice.

Symptoms of Linognatosis:

  1. Constant itching.
  2. The animal bites off insects.
  3. Wool loses shine, has an untidy appearance, sticks to
    mats may fall out.
  4. Violation of the skin, dermatitis, dryness,
  5. There are bald spots.
  6. The dog is losing weight.
  7. There are wounds and suppuration in the field of bites.
  8. Delayed development in puppies.
  9. Sleep disturbance, depression.
  10. Anemia – with a strong defeat by parasites, most often
    occurs in small breeds of dogs and puppies. itch

Important! Skin rashes may not be caused
only infection with lice, but also for other reasons.

Lactation can only be caused by contact with
sick animals. But it is worth remembering that the weakened,
an older or younger body is more likely to get sick.

Ways of infection:

  1. From a sick dog to a healthy one.
  2. From infected mother to puppies.
  3. During the hunt for some animals (wolf, fox).
  4. When living together in kennels, shelters, dog
  5. Severe invasion may lead to infection through common objects.
    care: beds, bedding, combs, upholstered furniture, carpet
  6. Through poorly processed grooming tools.
  7. Sometimes infection through the shoes and clothing of a person
    in contact with an infected dog.

dog shelters

Important! Most often, lice disease progresses.
in the cold season.

Can lice and nits from a person be transmitted to a dog and can
does a person get infected by a dog

Lice – a specific type of parasite. They can be transmitted and live.
only in the host-form and eat only the blood of the host.
Therefore, man can not become infected with dogs.
lice. Dog louse can get on a person and even
bite him, but the parasite cannot survive in new conditions and
will perish. dog lice are transmitted to humans

Similarly, a human louse cannot be transmitted to a dog, even when
close contact.

Can children become infected in the pool or on the lake

Since the types of lice that live on dogs are not able to survive
on the person, the risk of infection is absent.

In pools, usually, water is chlorinated and cannot
live no living organisms. children in the pool

In freshwaters with stagnant water, parasites can live
some time, but the infection does not occur in the water, but from
a sick person (talking about lice affecting people).

How to get lice in dogs – the treatment and the most effective ways
pest control

For breeding lice, use insecticides. With
need therapy is repeated after 10 days, when they can
new mature individuals from surviving eggs appear. After
processing, it is recommended to comb out the hair with thick scallops, for
remove nits or mow the animal.

Unlike fleas (who can jump), lice do not
able to escape from the treated dog’s coat, so it’s easier with them
fight. dog lice

Types of means to combat parasites:

  • Drops – applied on withers or along
    animal spine and rubbed. May cause allergies
  • Insecticidal sprays – need to process all
    wool, withstand the time specified in the abstract and carefully
    wash off.
  • Shampoo – applied to all wool and washed off.
    Used for treatment and prevention, suitable for small breeds.
    dogs and puppies. For large dogs, this treatment costs
  • The collar is easy to use, can
    used for prevention, eliminates many types
    parasites. May cause allergies and skin damage in the area.

collarAfter removing the lice, the animal’s body may
stay wounds, redness, peeling, which should be treated
antiseptic, wound healing drugs.

Important! At the end of treatment, the animal needs
Check for the presence of worms.

TOP best remedies against lignnatoza in dogs

Drops – destroy parasites and prevent further
infection. The active substance accumulates on the skin, in the sebaceous
glands and this has a lasting effect, prevent
reinfection Not absorbed into the blood.

Name Composition Description Price
Leopard Contains fipronil, diflubenzuron, dicarboximide. Disrupts the transmission of nerve impulses (causes paralysis),
hampers egg-laying, violates molting, reduces resistance to

It is applied from 2 months. Can not be pregnant and sick.

Valid up to 2 months.

160 – 270 rubles
Front line Fipronil Covers the skin, is retained in the hair follicles and
sebaceous glands.

It is applied from 2 months.

Protects from parasites up to 1.5 months.

400 – 900 rubles

Shampoos are the most convenient way to treat lice, except
antiparasitic effect, have moisturizing properties than
reduce itching and improve the quality of wool. Used to treat
puppies and decorative breeds of dogs.

Name Composition Description Price
Celandine Permethrin In addition to the insecticidal action, it protects and nourishes the wool. Not
used in puppies and pregnant dogs.
150 – 200 rubles
Leopard Essential oils of lavender, kostus, cloves, pelargonium Scares off parasites.

Can be used in puppies.

Safe composition.

150 – 200 rubles
Phytoelite Permethrin, decoctions of herbs Affects the nerve cells of parasites and causes paralysis.
It is applied from 2 months.
100 – 150 rubles

Sprays – the active ingredients of the spray envelop the parasite that
contributes to his suffocation. Almost no effect on nits, which requires
additional processing. The difficulty of the application lies in the fact
what you need to put on all the wool and stand for some time.

Avoid contact with eyes, nose, ears. Often causes
allergic reactions.

Name Composition Description Price
Front line Fipronil Covers the skin, is retained in the hair follicles and
sebaceous glands. Protects against parasites up to 2 months.
800 – 1500 rubles.
Vets best Clove extract and peppermint oil Safe, natural.

It is applied from 3 months.

700 – 800 rubles.

Collars – a universal method of getting rid of lice and fleas
at the same time. The accessory is impregnated with active substances that
deter pests.

Name Composition Description Price
Bayer kiltix Flumetrine Begins to act through the day, after putting on. Effect
lasts 7 months. Suitable for puppies from 2 months and pregnant
to dogs.
750 – 1200 rubles.
Hartz UltraGuard Flea & Tick Collar Tetrachlorinvos The action of the collar begins immediately after putting on. Active
the tape heats up, the poison hits the body of the animal and kills
insects. Serves 7 months. It has a reflective strip,
900 rub.
Scalibor Deltamethrin Scares and kills insects. The action starts after 7
days after the start of use. You can puppies from 2 months and
pregnant animals.
700 – 1200 rubles.

How to get rid of dog lice at home folk
by means

Kerosene – apply and spread throughout the wool (try
less to get on the skin), wrap the animal in cellophane, on top
a towel. Leave for 15-30 minutes and rinse with shampoo twice.

Avoid contact with mucous membranes!

On efficiency inferior to modern

Important! Before using kerosene, make sure
no allergies to it.

Laundry soap – the first time wash the wool with soap, then
apply thick suds on the entire surface and leave for an hour,
rinse with warm water. laundry soap

This tool is not effective enough
It is recommended to use in combination with other means.

Vinegar (applied 9%) – make a solution of 100
ml of vinegar and 200 ml of water, moisten a towel and wrap in it
animal (for the best effect wrap in cellophane), withstand 30
minutes and comb comb. Wash with shampoo. Avoid getting into
eyes and skin! Possible combinations of vinegar with mustard, egg,
tea tree oil, vegetable oil. vinegar

How to treat puppies and whether there are differences

For the treatment of puppies use the same methods as for
adults. Drugs are selected by weight and age. Important
make sure the puppy does not comb the bites, to avoid
infection. It is also recommended to give special
vitamins to support immunity. puppies

Preventing lice in dogs and how to clean a house for
prevent disease

To avoid infecting the dog with lice, you need:

  • prevent her from communicating with sick animals
  • clean clothes and shoes after the street
  • keep the dog clean
  • once a month to bathe with a pedic shampoo
  • wear an anti-parasitic collar
  • inspect wool regularly
  • to give vitamin complexes in spring and autumn.


Interesting! To prevent lice from reproducing,
You need to lubricate the dog’s coat and skin with coconut oil.

If the animal has become infected, immediately after its treatment it is necessary to carry out
in-house treatment, to eliminate possible parasites:

  1. vacuum carpets, floors, upholstered furniture;
  2. clean the floor with chlorine, vinegar or ammonia
  3. clean and replace the animal’s place thoroughly
  4. process all dog accessories (combs, bowls, etc.) –
    Scald with boiling water or place in boiling water for 10 minutes. Soft
    accessories, after washing, iron iron.


Reference! For processing premises and bedding can
apply detergents: Tetrix, Zifox, Agran, Hangman, Cucaracha.

Frequently asked Questions

Expert opinionEustilist hairdresserAsk a question

Can York have lice?

Chic Yorkshire terrier wool is large
interest for lice. They hit the coat and skin, and deliver
a lot of trouble. You should regularly inspect the dog so as not to
skip the onset of the disease.

What to bring nits puppy huskies?

Lice and nits can be removed using special tools. With
the choice of means, you need to consider the age and weight of the puppy (in the instructions
the drug is indicated at what age it can be used). For
Puppies usually choose drops or shampoos.

How to comb nits in puppies?

Before combing, you need to wash the coat with a solution of vinegar and water
(1: 1), this procedure will dissolve the sticky layer, which allows
nits hold onto hair. After that, take a thick scallop
(better metal, sold in pharmacies) and comb the nits, not
skipping a single patch of fur on the body of the animal. Process can
take more than one day. Shampooing and combing need
repeat in a week.

Can there be pubic lice in dogs?

Dogs are affected only by two types of lice: the eater and the dog louse.
Pubic lice have a special paw structure that allows them
cling only to hair with a triangular cross section.


Regular inspection of the pet, proper care and maintenance
clean, can prevent the appearance of lice or help detect
them early on. Care and attention to your pet
make life easier for the owner and keep the dog healthy

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