Dry nits – photos, how to get rid of and whether be nits without lice

Pediculosis is currently quite common.
a disease that affects both children and adults.
At the same time, the main sign indicating the presence of lice,
are nits on the hair, from which further grow
adults. Dead nits

Where nits can appear, symptoms

The content of the article:

  • Where nits can appear, symptoms
  • How live animals develop and how they feed
  • How to distinguish living nits from the dead
  • Can there be nits without lice, what to do if there are nits, but
    no lice
  • Are dead nits dangerous?
  • How to get rid of dry (dead) nits on the hair
  • How to remove dead nits from hair quickly at home
  • Preventing the appearance of lice and nits
  • Frequently asked Questions

Immediately it should be noted that nits are louse eggs
female, which she begins to actively postpone, hitting on
man’s head. In turn, the louse itself may appear
in the hair in the following ways:

  • on close contact with an infected person
    pediculosis (in public transport, places with large
    crowds, etc.)
  • by sharing personal items
    hygiene (towels, hairbrushes), hats and
  • sexually (if we are talking about pubic

hygiene products

The main symptom signaling the presence of nits is
the appearance on the head of whitish capsules attached to the hair on
a distance of 0.5 cm from the scalp. However, any other
There are no symptoms of immature lice.

REFERENCE. The most pronounced signs of pediculosis
begin to appear with a significant increase in the number
adult individuals. There is almost continuous itching of the skin.
heads, wounds are formed in the place of scratching, the person is disturbed
sleep, he becomes nervous and restless. In especially running
cases, infection of wounds and their suppuration may occur.

How live animals develop and how they feed

In its development, an adult louse goes through several stages,
which in total can last for 2-4 weeks:

  • Stage 1 – female lice lay eggs (nits)
    approximately 1 mm in size.
  • Stage 2 – larva hatches (this happens
    about 9 days after the appearance of the egg). Its size is
    1.5 mm. This is the first stage of the nymph.
  • Stage 3 – the second stage of the nymph begins (1.75
  • Stage 4 – the third stage of the nymph (2 mm).
  • Stage 5 – the appearance of an adult male
    (2.4-3.6 mm) or female (2.3-3 mm).


IMPORTANT. It should be borne in mind that female lice are very
fertile and daily lay on the hair of 5 eggs (nits).
Noticing the first signs of the disease must be promptly
start treatment.

Live lice live in a parasitic way of life and feed on
human blood. In this case, the larvae begin to parasitize
immediately after leaving the egg. For growth they need to eat every
2 hours. Adult same for life support
minimum amount of blood is required.

How to distinguish living nits from the dead

Living nits can be easily distinguished from the dead. With
This is where the main differences lie in the external
the form.

So, the following signs are characteristic of live nits:

  • White color,
  • when illuminated, the surface of the egg glitters,
  • the capsule has a convex shape.

dead and alive nits

In addition, if you try to crush a live nits, it will issue
characteristic click.

What dead nits look like, why can they be
dry (empty), are they transmitted?

Dead nits look like this:

  • have a dull and faded look,
  • the surface of the egg acquires a gray-yellow tint,
  • the capsules lose their convex shape,
  • do not click when pressed.


It should be noted that the egg louse becomes empty after
the appearance of live larvae. In this case, the shell itself continues
hang on your hair.

Dead nits are not transmitted. However in
anyway they will have to be removed.

Can there be nits without lice, what to do if there are nits, but
no lice

Sometimes there are cases when the head
nits are found, and there are no adults. This can
occur if the hair has been exposed to a chemical
substances. For example, painting with a dye containing peroxide
hydrogen can kill adult lice. With this pernicious
exposure to this chemical is not enough to
destroy the eggs themselves. in hair

Faced with such a situation in any case it is necessary
take steps to eliminate nits because
for a short time, live ones can hatch
the larvae.

Are dead nits dangerous?

There is no danger of dead nits in themselves, because of
no lice can hatch them. However, the presence of eggs (even
gives the hair a not very aesthetic look, so in any
case they need to comb. combing nits

How to get rid of dry (dead) nits on the hair

Unlike lice, it’s quite difficult to remove nits from the head, so
how they are firmly attached to individual hairs. However
The most common remedies are

  • head shaving is the most radical method
    which allows you to get rid of nits literally at one time. but
    it should be understood that this option is not for everyone
    especially when it comes to the female field. a haircut
  • combing – in this case, the eggs are removed when
    the help of a special frequent comb. combing
  • removing dead nits with your fingers – hair on
    heads are divided into separate strands and alternately removed from them
    the eggs. This method is not the most effective, because
    allows you to get rid of dry membranes at 100%. In addition, on
    such a procedure will take a sufficiently large amount of time.
    removing the dead nits with your fingers

How to remove dead nits from hair quickly at home

At present, quite a large number of
ways to eliminate nits, ranging from mechanical stress and
up to applying special chemical to hair

So, to the most famous methods of exposure can be attributed

Combing out

This method allows you to remove both live and dead nits.
To do this, you must first buy a special pharmacy
crest. Its distinguishing feature is the presence of
a large number of thin and frequent teeth, thanks to which the egg
Lice are easily removed from the hair. combing

When combing you should adhere to the following

  • the procedure should be done in a well-lit
  • hair should be divided into separate strands,
  • for convenience, the head can be pre-moistened a little or
  • if the hair is very long, it is recommended to have it a bit

You should be prepared to repeat combing.
not once before the complete release of hair from nits.


Immediately it should be noted that modern drugs against
head lice are mainly aimed at killing adult lice,
as well as live nits. The most effective include the following

  • “Nittifor” — используется для борьбы со вшами,
    nits, ticks and fleas. Its active ingredient is
    permethrin, which paralyzes the nervous system of the parasite and causes
    to their doom. Nittifor can be purchased as a cream or lotion,
  • Foxilon – essential hair lotion
    component of which is benzyl benzoate. This substance with
    easily penetrates the chitinous cover of parasites, Foxilon (lotion)
  • “Pedilin” — в его основе активное вещество
    Malathion, which causes the death of lice and nits. Available in
    shampoo or emulsion, Педилин
  • other drugs against lice. Couple plus

REFERENCE. After using the above
means of remaining dead lice and nits will be needed
additionally combed with a frequent comb.

Folk remedies

Many people who have experienced pediculosis,
often resort to different folk methods. but
it is worth being very careful here, since the use of that or
Other substances can be very dangerous. Dichlorvos for lice

In addition, folk remedies also will not provide
self eliminate dead nits. After destruction
in any case they will have to comb or remove
with your fingers.

So, to the main folk remedies against nits can be attributed

  • treatment of the head with various extracts
    plants (for example, a decoction of wormwood, beet, wild rosemary
    etc.), Tincture of wormwood with tansy
  • kerosene mixed with vegetable oil –
    quite an effective method of dealing with nits and lice. However, such
    composition can cause severe poisoning of the body, as well as
    damage the scalp and hair. In addition, kerosene is very
    flammable Kerosene and vegetable oil
  • vinegar diluted with water is a remedy
    facilitates the process of combing nits from the hair. However, vinegar is not
    will destroy adult parasites. Moreover, with the wrong
    breeding can burn the scalp. vinegar

Features of treatment in children

The treatment of pediculosis in children has a number of features that
Be sure to take into account:

  • not all drugs are suitable for removing lice from the head
    baby Before use, be sure to
    read the instructions and ask how old
    you can use this or that tool
  • in lice control, preference should be given more
    sparing methods of exposure (for example, short hair,
  • before using a particular drug against
    pediculosis is strongly recommended to consult with
    pediatric dermatologist or pediatrician.

pediculosis in children doctor

ATTENTION. Very carefully it is necessary to choose folk
facilities. Impact on the baby’s scalp is not acceptable.
highly toxic substances like kerosene, vinegar, etc.

Preventing the appearance of lice and nits

In order to avoid the appearance of pediculosis
Follow these simple tips:

  • strictly follow the rules of personal hygiene,
  • change bed and bed regularly
  • periodically wash clothes during washing
    (if the fabric allows)
  • take care of your hair (regularly
    comb, wash your hair),
  • perform routine inspections on
    the presence of nits and lice,
  • Do not use other people’s hats,
    hairbrushes, hairpins, towels.

the washing up

In addition, owners of long hair before going
in a public place you should pay attention to your hairstyle. Not
It is recommended to dissolve the hair, as in this case increases
risk of infection with head lice.

Frequently asked Questions

Often, parents who are faced with the problem of children
lice, the following questions arise:

Expert opinionEustilist hairdresserAsk a question

The child found nits, and no lice, so why can
to happen?

This situation is possible if an infection has occurred.
most recently, that is, only one could get on the head of a baby
adult, which immediately laid eggs. At the same time the louse itself
(especially if it is one or only a few)
hard to notice. That is why it seems to parents that there are nits,
And there are no lice.

Do dead nits click?

As noted above, dead louse eggs at
pressing on them does not emit a characteristic click. it
is one of the distinguishing features between the dead and
live nits.

In conclusion, it should be noted that immediately after the detection of nits
on the head it is necessary to immediately begin treatment for lice. With
it does not matter whether they are dead or alive. Anyway eggs
lice must be removed from the head.

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