Galvanotherapy in cosmetology

Galvanotherapy is one of the modern methods of hardware
cosmetology, which promotes healing and rejuvenation of the skin
faces. It can be said that galvanotherapy is a common, combined
the name of the hardware methods based on the method
effects on the skin by electroplating in combination with
cosmetic preparations. This method was named after
Italian doctor Luigi Galvani, who is
founder of experimental electrophysiology.


  • What is galvanotherapy
  • Advantages and disadvantages of galvanotherapy
  • Types of galvanotherapy
  • How to conduct galvanotherapy
  • Indications for the procedure
  • Contraindications

What is galvanotherapy

Galvanic therapy is the use in therapeutic and
cosmetic purposes of continuous electrical current of small strength and
low voltage. To do this, use a low intensity current to
50 mA and low voltage 30-80 V.

Human tissues contain solutions of salts and
colloidal systems. Colloids are substances consisting of
smallest particles scattered in another
substances. Colloids do not crystallize, but form with water
thick sticky solutions. The above substances are part of
body fluids, glandular tissue and muscles. Their molecules and ions
break up into the smallest electrically charged particles.
Continuous current passes through the body’s tissues, provoking in them
changes in physico-chemical properties.


Under the influence of galvanic current ion concentration
modified that provokes the irritation of receptors that
located on the skin. It is necessary to say that the human body
bad conducts current. Current flow depends on good conductors and
the amount of adipose tissue since the latter is for
electrical impulses are a serious obstacle.

Thus, when implementing the method of galvanotherapy
skin receptor irritation occurs. The current is conducted by
electrodes that are applied to certain areas of the face.
Due to irritation of nerve endings, to the nervous system
impulses come in that cause a beneficial change
physico-chemical nature.

Overcoming the resistance of the skin, the current in the body does not move
linear, but spreads along the path of least resistance.
Passing through biological tissues, galvanic current
has a variety of effects on the human body. Leather
human, if not damaged, has a high ohmic
threshold and low electrical conductivity. For this reason
galvanic current enters the body through the intercellular passages,
through the membranes of nerves and muscles, as well as through the excretory ducts
sebaceous and sweat glands.

Advantages and disadvantages of galvanotherapy

Galvanotherapy gently acting on internal systems
organism, causes dilation of blood vessels, causes synthesis
such vital substances such as: endorphin, serotonin,
heparin. As a result of these reactions, the cellular supply improves,
the work of the sebaceous glands, increases the permeability of cells and their protective

Favorable effect gives a combination of galvanic current and
drugs. Medications penetrate deeply
into the skin without damaging it and without compromising its integrity.

Galvanic therapy is a powerful bio-stimulator of the whole organism.
In addition to affecting the skin, it ensures the penetration of active
medicinal substances in cellular tissue. In this way,
galvanotherapy contributes to:

  • improve blood circulation;
  • improves carbohydrate and protein metabolism;
  • triggers recovery reactions in the body;
  • beneficial effect on organs and systems.

The advantages of galvanotherapy are as follows.

  • good result without surgery;
  • painless procedure;
  • the integrity of the skin is preserved;
  • there is no threat of infection;
  • lack of rehabilitation period;
  • no side effects and complications.


Speaking about the advantages of this method, it is impossible not to mention it.

  • good results are achieved by several procedures;
  • unpleasant sensations, metallic taste in the mouth as during
    carrying out the procedure, and after it;
  • significant redness of the skin;
  • many contraindications.

Types of galvanotherapy

Two types of galvanotherapy are used in cosmetology:

  • iontophoresis;
  • disincrustation.

Iontophoresis is a procedure that is performed using current.
low voltage. The procedure is carried out with a special device with
nozzles through which electric current is transmitted to the skin.
This procedure enhances blood circulation and improves penetration.
the ability of therapeutic agents.

As a result, nutrients from creams and masks penetrate deep into
dermis, where the processes of renewal and recovery.

Disinfection is a procedure that cleans the skin.
by means of galvanic current and alkaline solution. When
galvanic current acts on the solution, then saponification occurs
(chemical reaction). The essence of the reaction is that alkali
reacting with the fatty acids of the sebaceous glands, they are saponified and
transformed into soap, with which the skin is cleansed.
The alkaline solution promotes loosening of the skin, resulting in
sebum is removed from its pores. For example, with acne dezincrustation
can be a good substitute for mechanical facial cleansing.

How to conduct galvanotherapy

Before the procedure, the skin is cleansed and defatted.
several methods: throwing, scrub or light chemical
peeling Then, gauze is applied to cleansed skin.
which was previously soaked with a special preparation or
conductive substance, which consists of medical
Ingredients. Next, carry out the procedure directly: doctor –
beautician slowly begins to process the skin with a special
an electrode.

Two electrodes are commonly used: active and passive. Active
the specialist himself works, and the passive patient holds in his hand. AT
the end of the procedure, the patient’s skin is rubbed with a soothing lotion,
impose a cooling mask, and then put a nourishing cream.
The duration of the procedure is 30 minutes depending on the treated
plot, and the process of galvanotherapy lasts no more than 5 minutes. In
during the procedure, the patient feels a slight burning and tingling sensation,
tingling intensity depends on the individual threshold


The procedure is carried out courses, no more than 2 times a month. Full course
has 6 – 8 procedures. To fix the effect of the course
repeat after two or three months.

Indications for the procedure

The procedure is carried out in the following cases:

  • dry and loose skin;
  • sensitive skin:
  • fine and deep wrinkles;
  • abundant pigmentation;
  • rosacea and rosacea;
  • acne and comedones;
  • swelling and dark circles under the eyes.


Do not perform the procedure under the following conditions:

  • diseases of the hematopoietic system;
  • with tuberculosis;
  • oncological and autoimmune diseases;
  • violation of the integrity of the skin treated
  • acute and chronic diseases in the acute stage;
  • skin diseases (dermatitis, eczema);
  • atherosclerosis;
  • diseases of the cardiovascular system;
  • pregnancy and lactation;
  • the presence of pacemakers or metal prostheses;

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