Herpes on the face and its mucous membranes is one of the most
common viral pathologies. The relevance of this disease
due to aesthetic discomfort and pronounced discomfort,
which are its consequence. Herpes on the face for a long time can
deprive a person of active social life, because during this period
face does not look the best way. In addition, the disease is accompanied
severe pain and general intoxication.
Patients want as quickly as possible to eliminate his symptoms and
cure, but it is not so easy.
- What is herpes?
- How can you get infected?
- Stages of development of the disease
- Types of Herpes
- Symptoms of Herpes
- How to treat herpes on the face
- Herpes Prevention
What is herpes?
Herpes on the face usually affects the skin of the nose, eyebrows, and
mucous membranes (lips, mouth) and is the most common
viral disease. The causative agent of the disease – herpes simplex virus
(HSV) and Varicella – Zoster virus (Herpes simplex and Herpes zoster).
The latter provokes the development of shingles and chicken pox.
It is a DNA containing a virus that lives in our
body and which we often do not even guess. Deceit
this virus is that at the slightest contact with
by an infected person, it is imperceptibly transmitted and forever
stays in the body, waiting for its high point as
weaken its defenses. Currently get rid of
this infectious agent is forever impossible, but you can
monitor the condition of the patient and reduce the number
Herpes simplex is able to penetrate the cells of our body and
tightly intertwined with the DNA of our tissues, which allows it to
the rest of your life remains in this state. For this reason, he does not
causes our immune system to have a pronounced response. So,
while a person is strong and healthy, he doesn’t show himself at all, but he stands
weaken the immune system as it is immediately activated.
Becoming a carrier of the herpes virus is very easy, it is characterized by
highly contagious, so this pathology occurs in
every second inhabitant of the planet. Regardless of stage and type
diseases are very contagious because the virus is transmitted by airborne
by drip, by shaking hands, kisses, sexually, household
items saliva. Most often the infectious agent affects the lips and
nasolabial area and even penetrates the nasal passages. In this case
high probability of its spread throughout the face. What it looks like
herpes on the face? This is a small conglomerate of bubbles that
group are located on a particular area of the face. They can be good
see the photo attached below.
How can you get infected?
Since herpes is in the body of almost every person,
then provoking factors are needed to wake him up.
There are a lot of such factors, including:
- common cold;
- stressful situations lasting a long time;
- deficiency of vitamins and minerals;
- overload and physical fatigue;
- other viral diseases (ARVI, acute respiratory infections, tonsillitis);
- reduction of body defenses;
- non-observance of hygienic norms;
- nicotine and alcohol abuse;
- from mother to fetus;
- direct contact with a sick person (sexual intercourse).
Stages of development of the disease
Immunosuppression is an enabling environment for development.
diseases, and infection with the second type of herpes can occur through
sexual intercourse, this means oral sex. If a
an infectious agent causes blistering of the face, then
There is a high probability of relapse. So, ailment may appear
on other parts of the face, and sometimes the body.
Unfortunately, modern medicine has only
anti-viral drugs that
reduce the manifestation of the disease and which euthanize the virus, however
do not completely destroy it.
The disease has four stages of development. See
the sequence of the development of the disease can be in the photo below.
- The first stage is itching and discomfort, tingling and
- The second stage – inflammation of the skin and the appearance of red spots, and
further and blister with liquid. There is pain, itching and
- The third stage – the bubbles open and form in their place
sores In this case, they should be carefully treated to avoid
bring even more dangerous infection.
- The fourth stage – the wounds heal, dry and on them occurs
the growth of crusts.
All four stages pass within two weeks. However if
the symptoms do not go away during this time, it is urgent to turn to
to the doctor. Herpes on the lips during pregnancy is very dangerous, especially for
Types of Herpes
Herpes virus is of eight types, but the most common
its six types. All types have their manifestations, symptoms and
- The first type – herpes simplex, appears on the lips as
- The second type is genital or genital herpes.
- The third type is chickenpox (chickenpox).
- The fourth type – Epstein – Barr virus (infectious
mononucleosis, Burkitt’s lymphoma).
- The fifth type is cytomegalovirus (most common in
young people 30 years old.
- The sixth type is pseudocrasse.
The seventh and eighth types are currently insufficiently studied,
however, experts are inclined to believe that these types of herpes can
cause chronic fatigue. The first three types of this
infectious agent are the most common and cause
numerous health problems. Herpes on the face is provoked
first and third type.
The third type of herpes is more common in children, because it causes
chicken pox. It remains in the body forever in a sleeping state.
After many years, as a result of reduced protective forces
virus, the virus can be activated and provoke
Symptoms of Herpes
The incubation period is characterized by general malaise:
headache, aching joints, subfebrile temperature and
cold symptoms (inflammation of the nasal mucosa, nasal
discharge, swelling of the face and tearing).
A disease caused by the first type of virus is characterized
rash on the lips in the red border area with the transition to the skin. AT
severe cases, the disease can affect the mucous membrane of the mouth and
extra face area. A group of bubbles appears on the skin,
filled with liquid. This causes itching, swelling, redness and
Shingles on the face is manifested by rashes that
very similar to those that occur with a simple virus, but they
larger in size. The distinguishing feature of this disease is
the location of the rashes – they are located on the same line, which
repeats the course of the nerve, rather than being localized randomly, as when
simple type. Regional lymph nodes also increase,
and with their palpation, there are significant pain.
In this case, the main symptom is a strong exhausting
pain that torments the patient even after the disappearance of the rash. When
bubbles erupt, sores appear in their place, which
time covered with crusts and after some time disappear,
leaving behind a pigmentation on the face. Spots after herpes on
face appear when the patient forcibly tears off
unhealed until the end of the crust.
Thus, the main manifestation of the disease are bubbles,
filled with clear liquid. After maturation, they burst and
covered with serous crusts. This whole process is accompanied by
itching, swelling and pain.
After recovery, fragments of the virus penetrate into the spinal cord.
department and “hide” in the depths of the nervous ganglia. They get to
replication apparatus and implant their genetic material into
chromosomes of our body. From now on our own
the cell will for the rest of life produce some
virus, and the person will become its permanent carrier.
Therefore, the risk of recurrent disease is very high with weakening
How to treat herpes on the face
Treatment aims to alleviate the symptoms of the disease and eliminate
its manifestations. It is important to return the virus to a dormant state and reduce
recurrence rate. To do this, follow the principles of treatment.
and prevention measures.
Treatment of the virus is carried out as follows:
- Antiseptics are used, which dry the bubbles with
fluid. In this case, the antiseptics are:
alcohol, iodine, brilliant green.
- Moisturize and soften the formed crusts.
- Take inside antiviral drugs.
- Topical treatment with antiviral ointments and
- Prescribed treatment with interferon.
- Take immunomodulators.
The following antiviral drugs are taken from medicines.
- Acyclovir is the most popular drug almost known to
everything. Treats a viral infection at any stage of development and different
- Zovirax – effective at the first stage of the development of the disease
used as a prophylactic agent. Part
The drug includes acyclovir.
- Valtrex – effective at localizing the virus on the lips and genital
organs. It is both therapeutic and prophylactic.
- Famvir (famciclovir) – the most effective anti-herpes
drug new generation. Its use in the first stage of the disease
helps prevent further progression of the disease.
- Foscarnet – suppresses metabolic processes in the cells of the virus and
the action of its enzymes that are involved in DNA synthesis.
All anti-herpes drugs are selected individually.
order, depending on the location of the rash, their
the number and symptoms observed. If the rash does not
grouped, the isolated elements are treated by external
antiviral ointments. These external products include:
- Viru – Mertz Serol;
Treatment with external agents is especially effective for rashes.
in the nose, on the lips and in the mouth. Herpes ointment on the face
promotes rapid drying of bubbles and the formation of
To enhance the immunity plays an important role
immunomodulators. These drugs also have antiviral
effect and have an immunocorrective action that inhibits
activity of the infectious agent at the cellular level.
These drugs include:
- Cycloferon – made in the form of a solution in ampoules and
intended for injection. Treatment with this medication is carried out by
scheme: two courses with a break of two weeks.
- Interferon is an effective antiviral drug.
- Licopid – strengthens the immune system, contributes to the opposition
viruses. The drug is produced in tablets, suitable for the treatment
adults and children. Adults are prescribed 2 tablets 2 times a day.
for 10 days. Children – 1 tablet for 7 days.
- Derinat is a very effective drug that does not have
contraindications. It is shown both to adults, and children.
- Viferon is another drug that does not have contraindications.
which is produced as an external agent (ointment). Perfect
suitable for pregnant and lactating women, children and adults.
Use the ointment 4 times a day for 7 days.
- Echinacea and Eleutherococcus are natural immunostimulants.
- Vitamin and mineral complexes.
If there are many rashes on the face, the temperature rises
body prescribers antiviral drugs based on valacyclovir and
acyclovir (Valtrex, Herpewal).
Vaccination is also not a panacea for this disease. but
helps to reduce the activity of the virus and minimizes it
manifestations that lead to a reduction in relapse. When vaccination in
the human body is injected with an inactive virus. As a result
provoked a reaction of the immune system that activates
cellular defense mechanisms against the infectious agent. This leads to
the formation of a sufficiently long-lasting resistance to herpes.
Important! All antiviral drugs can be taken no more.
two weeks. Repeat a course of treatment only as prescribed by a doctor and
under his supervision.
Disease prevention is to comply with a number of sanitary –
prophylactic norms. That means:
- frequent hand washing;
- frequent change of bed and underwear;
- discriminating sexuality;
- use of personal household items (towels, slippers,
cosmetics and tableware);
- healthy lifestyle (good sleep, proper nutrition,
walking in the fresh air, exercise, taking vitamins
and dietary supplements).
Remember! Cure of the virus completely impossible. Therefore, neither
a complete cure for herpes recurrence, nor the prevention of illness
can fully protect the body from it. No obvious
symptoms does not mean that the person is not contagious (not
infectious). Therefore, it is necessary to protect yourself from infection by
abstinence from indiscriminate sex and compliance
The precautions described above. It is also important to monitor the condition.
immune system, since failures in its work contribute to
wake up and activate the virus.