Impetigo – contagious disease that is triggered
staphylococcal or streptococcal infection. Disease
is expressed by the appearance of painful red spots, which are then
turn into purulent blisters with subsequent scabbing.
Most often, foci of impetigo are formed on the face: in the area of ​​the nose, mouth and
chin up Impetigo occurs where it has been damaged.
the integrity of the skin. The disease most often develops.
in children, but there are cases of education impetigo and in adult men.
This is due to trauma to the skin when shaving.


  • Causes of disease
  • Types and forms of impetigo
  • Impetigo symptoms
  • Treatment of the disease
  • Prediction and prevention of the disease

Causes of disease

The causes of the disease are in violation of the integrity of the skin and
infection of wounds by pathogenic microbes: streptococcal or
staphylococcal infection. When histological analysis notice
pustule (exudative cavity element rash), which is swollen and
infiltrated with leukocytes.   Pathogenic strains invade
skin through damaged skin or hair


Factors that can trigger a disease can be

  • non-compliance with basic rules of hygiene;
  • skin microtraumas that were not treated in time
  • presence of streptococcal or staphylococcal foci in the body
  • existence in the body of disturbances in metabolic processes
  • combed insect bites;
  • reduced immune system performance;
  • anemia or vitamin deficiency;
  • maceration of the skin (separation of skin cells)
  • living in a tropical climate.

Types and forms of impetigo

Impetigo happens:

  • primary;
  • secondary.

Primary impetigo is an acute illness that is accompanied by
contact with damaged skin pathogenic strains of cocci.

Secondary impetigo (neurodermatitis) is a complication that
accompanies various dermatosis (pediculosis, scabies, eczema).
Occurs in case of undertreated primary impetigo.

Impetigo can have many varieties, symptoms and species.
There are the following types of impetigo:

  • streptococcal;
  • staphylococcal;
  • vulgar (mixed with a combination of the above species).

There are several types of streptococcal impetigo:

  1. Zayedy This is a skin lesion characterized by a specific
    localization. They form in the corners of the mouth during infection.
    cracks in the skin. In the place of a crack a bubble is formed, which after
    leaves itself bleeding erosion. In some case, the disease
    moves to the oral mucosa or is initially localized in
  2. Panaritium. Surface felon is formed near the hole
    the nail, usually caused by infection
    fingers or barbs.

Staphylococcal impetigo is formed in case of infection
hair follicles strains of staphylococcus. Other name
staphylococcal impetigo – folliculitis. Folliculitis can be
superficial or deep.

  • Superficial folliculitis is a purulent skin lesion that
    does not reach the big sizes. A few days later pustules
    they dry out and there are no marks left on the skin.
  • Deep folliculitis is expressed by the appearance on the body of painful
    knots red. They are superior in surface dimensions.
    ulcers. After emptying the contents of the abscess on the skin is formed
    noticeable scar.

Vulgar or mixed strepto-staphylococcal impetigo
occurs in case of infection of the skin with both streptococcal and
staphylococcal pathological agents. Disease is expressed
especially severe anamnesis, purulent lesions are larger
and extensive. Mixed impetigo is more often diagnosed in children and


Impetigo symptoms

A dermatologist recognizes the disease at the first examination. but
to accurately diagnose the disease, the doctor will prescribe the appropriate
lab tests. To do this, take samples from the bottom of the ulcer. Symptoms
diseases are manifested by red rashes that
some days turn into vesicles with pus or transparent
content. After emptying the bubbles, wet ulcers are formed.
small size, covered with crusts. In remission of ulcer
able to cause itching.

Impetigo is easy to treat, but you need to start on time.
treatment so that the chronic form of the disease does not develop and
there were complications. Recurrences of biting occur several times a year.
since the body is not able to produce immunity to this species
diseases. Children are more likely to suffer from impetigo, since they have an elevated
injury rate as well as adults who have a gentle and
sensitive skin.

Treatment of the disease

Impetigo treatment is most often performed on an outpatient basis. A patient
conducts self-therapeutic activities and should strictly
follow the doctor’s recommendations (in the case of a child’s illness,
therapeutic procedures are carried out by parents).

Affected skin lesions are treated several times a day.
disinfectants. Large ulcers open,
their contents are removed and the affected area is processed
brilliant green and then applied antibacterial

Treatment has a schematic order, and the course of procedures is
10 days. Skin affected by impetigo should not be in contact with
water and does not close the dressings. After complete extinction
For some time the diseases of the skin are treated with special
means to prevent recurrence. In heavy
cases with multiple inflammatory foci assigned
systemic antibiotic treatment.

Prediction and prevention of the disease

The forecast is generally favorable, but with the form running
disease and delayed treatment, complications may develop with
lesion of vital organs.

Disease prevention is to respect the rules of personal
hygiene. In the case of the slightest trauma to the skin is necessary
conduct instant wound disinfection. Children sick
impetigo who attend preschool and school institutions should
isolate until complete recovery.

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