Molluscum contagiosum: treatment and prevention

Molluscum contagiosum is a viral disease that
affects the skin. In itself, the disease does not cause
fear, but it can spoil the appearance of a person and
cause him psychological suffering. Its name
the affliction was due to the specific form of the virus, which when
Examination under a microscope is reminiscent of a clam shell. This
pathology has a high degree of contagiousness. Usually,
contagious molluscum can be infected by direct contact with
a sick person. The disease develops in both children and
adults, but the symptoms of the disease are expressed in different ways.
Contagious molluscum is found only in humans, animals do not
are sick


  • Causes of molluscum contagiosum
  • Clinical picture
  • How can you get infected?
  • Treatment of molluscum contagiosum
  • Prediction and prevention of the disease

Causes of molluscum contagiosum

The causative agent of the disease is molluscum contagiosum virus,
which belongs to the smallpox group. Virus causing this
a disease often identified with acrohordon (a disease
which provokes the papillomavirus), because of external signs
they have similar manifestations.

Clinical picture

The disease has an incubation period of 2
weeks to six months from the date of infection. On the skin of the patient
small nodules appear that disappear on their own, but on
their place appear new. This process has a long period
which is calculated in months, years and decades. If on
the affected areas show signs of inflammation caused by
other infectious pathologies, the disease takes
complicated form.


The causative agent of the disease, specifically the virus, affects only
the surface layer of the skin, it does not penetrate into the blood, internal organs
does not affect. This pathology is characterized by education on
the skin of small, painless nodules of a dense consistency,
Flesh, light pink or white. Rash localized
singly or systemically in groups on any part of the body. Were
there have been cases of merging nodules into one large
clam Sometimes, when pressed, a white is released from the nodule.
gruel, which contains both dead cells and
molluscic bodies of viruses. In adults, as a rule, rash
localized in the genital area, and in children are more often affected
face, arms, belly and chest. Very often the disease develops in
persons with immunodeficiency states, therefore, to this pathology
other skin infections may join, such as atopic
dermatitis. In this case, we can talk about the complicated form
diseases. With complications, symptoms of the disease have more
pronounced, are heavier and resistant to

How can you get infected?

Infection occurs due to the contents of the nodules on
healthy skin. In most cases, children get infected while playing.
with sick children, and adults most often sexually, when
tighter skin contact happens. But not all adults
contract molluscum contagious, as many have
immunity to the mollusk virus. This pathology is usually
develops in adults with immunodeficiency states. Also
you can get mollusk through indirect contact through common
household items, personal items, clothes, towels, linens,
in public places: swimming pools, saunas, sports centers.

Diagnosis of the disease

The disease is not dangerous, easily diagnosed
due to specific manifestations and symptoms but in some cases
need differential diagnosis with other more dangerous
diseases such as syphilis and human papillomavirus
(HPV). In addition, infection with molluscum contagiosum can be
a sign of other serious diseases, such as AIDS.

Treatment of molluscum contagiosum

Molluscum contagiosum necessarily needs treatment because
the virus is highly contagious and has the ability
spread to healthy tissue. In most cases
infected people do not go to the doctor, as with this disease
There are no subjective sensations. Rashes do not hurt and not
scaly, only occasionally there is a slight itch. And just in case
joining a secondary infection occurs severe inflammation
skin. In this case, the disease is much more serious and longer, and
the infection shows high resistance to therapy. As a result
neglected form of the disease manifests itself generalized
infection when the nodules begin to spread throughout
to the body.

Damage to the integrity of the contagious mollusk is especially dangerous,
in this case, the mollusk spreads on a large scale.
skin. A damaged mollusk must be removed in a hospital, and
Heat the wound with aseptic means.

Currently, the treatment of the disease is to
removal of the mollusk using antiviral and
immunostimulating agents. You can not self-medicate and
remove the nodules themselves, trying to “squeeze” them. It may
provoke severe skin inflammation and spread
diseases on healthy tissue. Removal of molluscum contagiosum
It is carried out only by a dermatologist at a medical institution. it
jewelry and hard work. Each nodule is removed with tweezers or
spoon Volkmann. Formed after removal of the wound grease
an alcoholic solution of iodine or a solution of potassium permanganate.

Recently, laser removal has been very popular.
molluscum contagiosum, especially for generalized lesions
skin. The laser delicately removes nodules without affecting the adjacent ones.
healthy tissue and not leaving scars on the skin.

In addition to laser therapy, other removal methods are used.
molluscum contagiosum: cryotherapy and diathermocoagulation.

The essence of cryotherapy is cauterization with liquid nitrogen.
elements of the virus. The diathermocoagulation method consists in coagulation
tissues in order to destroy the virus and remove it. Carried out
this method using ac high electric current

Over the next few days after clam removal
wounds are smeared with an alcoholic solution of iodine once a day. Special
well heals wounds ointment Wilkinson. Not always after
radical removal of the mollusk virus immediately disappears. Some
time may still occur the emergence of new nodules.
This is because the clam does not collapse right away, this
the process is gradual. New nodules need to be removed before
until they completely disappear. And this will certainly happen.
The disease has a high likelihood of recurrence. For this reason
treatment should not be interrupted, and the remaining wounds should be sustained
process antiviral ointments (viferon, liniment,
cycloferon, acyclovir), which improve skin immunity.


After removal of the mollusk, it is necessary to carry out a number of preventive
measures to avoid relapse:

  • process disinfectant solutions of individual things
  • boil bed and underwear;
  • do not use common household items;
  • provide the patient with individual personal items
  • must be tested for detection
    molluscum contagiosum in other family members, especially those with
    which the patient is in an intimate relationship.

Thus, the treatment of molluscum contagiosum is carried out in
four directions:

  1. Mechanical scraping clam with a sharp spoon
  2. Surgery (this includes laser therapy and
  3. Topical treatment with antiviral ointments.
  4. Treatment with immunomodulators.
  5. In the case of generalized tissue damage are assigned
    tetracycline antibiotics (olethethrin, tetracycline,

Prediction and prevention of the disease

The prognosis is favorable. The main measure of prevention
consists in following the rules of personal hygiene. For warning
The spread of the disease is carried out the following activities:

  • in kindergartens and schools it is necessary to isolate the child,
    suffering from molluscum contagiosum;
  • preventive examination of healthy children is necessary
    identifying potential carriers of infection;
  • adults and children need to change daily
  • each person uses only his personal items
    individual use (combs, sponges, toothbrushes,
    towels, etc.)
  • conduct everyday water procedures and abide by the rules
    personal hygiene.

The main measure of prevention of sexually transmitted diseases
the way, is intelligibility in choosing a sexual partner.

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