Everyone knows about the disease pediculosis. Lice infestation occurs
in close contact with the patient or in the use of his personal
of things. Pediculosis is most common in children, but also in adults.
people this disease is not uncommon. To get rid of lice and
nits apply various anti-pediculosis drugs that
will be discussed below.
Types of pediculosis ointments
The content of the article:
- Types of pediculosis ointments
- Indications, contraindications and side effects
- Precautions for use, can it be applied when
- Alternative remedies in the fight against head lice
Pediculosis ointments are inexpensive and effective.
means. The difficulty of their application lies in the fact that
applying to the scalp takes a lot of time.
Here are some of the most popular anti-pediculosal ointments:
- Mercury ointment for lice. This is a common name.
groups of drugs based on mercury. It contains 30% mercury,
animal fats, lanolin. Used 2 times a day for
weeks – the drug is applied to the hairy part of the affected area
and rubbed. Children and pregnant women from this tool better
refuse. Since mercury is included, it must be used
caution, improper application may leave reddening and
burns, and prolonged use of mercury ointment contributes to
the occurrence of problems with the kidneys and nervous system.
- Sulfuric ointment. Active ingredients – sulfur 33% and
Vaseline oil. Means diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 1 and
put on wet hair. Polyethylene worn on top
hat After half an hour, you need to wash the hair with a solution of vinegar (1: 1).
Lice and nits combed fine comb. Used to complete
the disappearance of insects.
- Serortut ointment for lice and nits. Act
This remedy is similar to mercury ointment. It must also be rubbed into
lice-affected area twice a day for a week.
- Boric ointment for lice and nits. As part of boric
acid and petrolatum. It has a mild effect, non-toxic.
Boric ointment should be used twice a day. Means
distributed over the entire length of the hair, is left to affect the
half an hour, then the hair is rinsed with a solution of vinegar and a comb
comb out insects. You can get rid of adults in 2-3
day, nits have to comb 2-3 weeks.
- Turpentine ointment for lice and nits.
Antiparasitic effect is due to be part of
turpentine. The ointment is rubbed into the scalp and distributed throughout
hair length Hair covered with a plastic cap for 2 hours,
then using a small comb to comb the insects, after which
hair can be washed with shampoo. The disadvantage of this tool is
the fact that it is very fat, and some time after applying the hair
will have a greasy look and a peculiar smell.
- Zinc ointment for lice. Used very much
rarely, it contains zinc oxide and petrolatum. To a greater extent
it is prescribed as an adjunct because it possesses
anti-inflammatory and antiseptic – helps
heal faster from insect bites. Despite the low
the cost of the above funds, we must not forget that they are all
have side effects and have a number of contraindications.
- Ointment for lice and nits for children. Benzyl benzoate –
emulsion, cream, gel or ointment. Effective but toxic remedy
therefore, it must be used carefully. Ointment rubbed into the skin
heads, a polyethylene cap is put on top, after 30 minutes
hair washed with shampoo. Recommended for children from 2 years. Knicks – cream
with a low concentration of active ingredients, so it
allowed to apply to children from 6 months. Baby’s scalp
processed by this tool, and after 10 minutes, washed off
shampoo Nittifor is a solution with a cream. The composition includes
permethrin. The tool is applied to the scalp, and through
40 minutes washed off with shampoo. Not recommended for children under 5
- Ointment for pediculosis and scabies. More often
Benzyl benzoate is recommended. For the treatment of scabies need to take a shower
and rub the drug into the skin. Very carefully need to handle
fingers since it is there that the largest amount accumulates
parasites. After the first treatment, you need to take a break for 3 days, and
preferably at this time not to wash the drug from the skin. For treatment
lice means is applied to the hairy part. Medfoks – yet
one remedy for lice and scabies. It contains permethrin,
which is characterized by high anti-parasitic efficacy. With
scabies rubbed into the skin, and left for 3 days with pediculosis
processed scalp, the drug is left on
- Ointment from linen mites. For the treatment of bites
linen mites are recommended to use healing ointments with
panthenol, for example, Rescuer, Bepanten. The bite is necessary
wash with soap and swab antiparasitic to
reduce itching, after drying, apply a healing ointment.
Indications, contraindications and side effects
Indications for use
antiparasitic ointments are:
- head lice;
- pediculosis of the pubic zone;
- ward headache.
- the presence of an allergic reaction to the components used
- children’s age (for some drugs);
- open skin lesions at the sites of the intended
use of ointments;
- inflammatory skin diseases;
- pregnancy and lactation (for some drugs).
Important! In order to pick the most
a safe drug is necessary to consult a doctor, sometimes, when
inability to use medications prescribed
means of traditional medicine or combing insects small
Side Effects of Lice Ointment:
- feeling of itching and burning;
- ongoing numbness of the skin area at the site of application
- redness of the skin;
In case of accidental use of pedicide ointments in
digestive tract can be observed eating disorders, failure
heart rate, drowsiness, irritability.
Precautions for use, can it be applied when
Safety rules that must be followed when
using ointments against lice and nits:
- You can not use several tools at once.
- After using ointments, you should not dry your hair with a hair dryer.
- Processing should be carried out only in protective gloves and
use a medical mask in order not to inhale poisonous
- Avoid contact with eye and mouth mucosa.
- If the tool does not help, it is recommended to choose another – with
other active ingredients.
- After using ointments, hands should be thoroughly washed, changed.
clothes and ventilate the room.
If the ointment does get on the mucous membrane of the eyes,
eyes should be washed with running water and then with soda solution –
2%. When pain occurs, 2% Novocaine should be instilled, and
if irritation occurs – 20% sodium sulfacyl. When hit
funds for the mucous membranes of the nose and mouth, mucous membranes should be washed with soda
Important! If symptoms of allergic
reactions need to take an antihistamine and refer to
to the doctor.
With regard to the use of anti-pediculosis drugs during
pregnancy and lactation, you need to carefully study
instructions, most drugs are contraindicated for pregnant women and
nursing mothers. Recommended drugs with low
toxicity, for example, Nyuda. In any case, it is necessary
consult a doctor.
Alternative remedies in the fight against head lice
In addition to ointments, pediculosis can be treated with gels,
creams, shampoos, pills, traditional medicine. About them
described in detail below.
Paranit – 60% consists of mineral oil.
Insects and their larvae are covered with a thin film, as a result
what die Approved for use from 3 years. Price –
Pediculen – contains anise oil, which
paralyzes and kills lice. Permitted to use after 5 years.
Price – 165 rubles.
Permethrin cream – applied to hair 30-50
minutes After that, the hair is well washed with water and combed.
crayons comb. After 7 days, the treatment is repeated for removal.
individuals that hatched from the larvae. Price – 130-500
Lauri – active ingredient permethrin. Cream
applied to hair and left for 40 minutes.
Then rinse with shampoo and comb the hair with a fine comb. With
need to repeat processing after a week. Price – 85
The most popular lice shampoos are:
- Hygia – not recommended for children under 5 years old.
The product is applied to wet hair, rubbed into the roots,
left for impact for 20 minutes. Then washed off flowing
water Dead insects combed with a frequent comb. Treatment
repeated after 10 days, but more often 2 times a month
can not be used.
- Veda-2 – not recommended for children under 5 years. On
wet hair apply 2-3 tablespoons of shampoo, beat into a foam, leave
for 10 minutes, then rinse hair with running water and 5% acetic
solution. Comb out the dead parasites.
Because lice feed on people’s blood, they can be destroyed.
toxic substances through the blood stream. This will help
Ivermectin, Albendazole, Levamisole, Butadione.
Important! These drugs are harmful.
only blood-sucking insects, and for people of danger not
present. However, consultation with a specialist is still necessary.
– there are side effects.
Dosage – 200-400 mg three times a day for the first day.
The next two days, the dose is reduced by half. Repeated
Reception is recommended after 7 days.
From folk remedies the most popular are:
- Geranium oil – 5 drops of geranium essential oil
and 2 tablespoons of burdock oil. Mix and apply on hair.
Cover with polyethylene for 20 minutes, then rinse hair, dry and
comb out with a fine comb.
- Cranberry Juice – 2 tablespoons of fresh juice
mixed with a teaspoon of honey. The mixture is rubbed into the hair roots,
left under cellophane for 15 minutes, then washed with running
- Onion-garlic puree – skip through
a meat grinder onion and garlic, put the resulting gruel on the hair, put on
polyethylene cap. After 3 hours, rinse with vinegar.
- Tea tree oil – add oil to
shampoo and wash their hair regularly.
- Kerosene – liquid is applied to the hair,
cover with package. Dangerous for skin burns
- Hairspray – treat hair hairspray,
Cover with polyethylene and leave for 3-4 hours. Then ok
washed with shampoo and combed hair fine comb.
It should be understood that currently there are a large number
remedies for the treatment of pediculosis, however, not all of them are safe.
To choose the safest and most effective means
you need to consult a doctor, or at least very carefully study