Ointments for lice and nits – a detailed review Agents: Surort, Sulfuric, Turpentine and others

Everyone knows about the disease pediculosis. Lice infestation occurs
in close contact with the patient or in the use of his personal
of things. Pediculosis is most common in children, but also in adults.
people this disease is not uncommon. To get rid of lice and
nits apply various anti-pediculosis drugs that
will be discussed below. ointment for lice and nits

Types of pediculosis ointments

The content of the article:

  • Types of pediculosis ointments
  • Indications, contraindications and side effects
  • Precautions for use, can it be applied when
    of pregnancy
  • Alternative remedies in the fight against head lice

Pediculosis ointments are inexpensive and effective.
means. The difficulty of their application lies in the fact that
applying to the scalp takes a lot of time.

Here are some of the most popular anti-pediculosal ointments:

  1. Mercury ointment for lice. This is a common name.
    groups of drugs based on mercury. It contains 30% mercury,
    animal fats, lanolin. Used 2 times a day for
    weeks – the drug is applied to the hairy part of the affected area
    and rubbed. Children and pregnant women from this tool better
    refuse. Since mercury is included, it must be used
    caution, improper application may leave reddening and
    burns, and prolonged use of mercury ointment contributes to
    the occurrence of problems with the kidneys and nervous system. Mercury lice ointment
  2. Sulfuric ointment. Active ingredients – sulfur 33% and
    Vaseline oil. Means diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 1 and
    put on wet hair. Polyethylene worn on top
    hat After half an hour, you need to wash the hair with a solution of vinegar (1: 1).
    Lice and nits combed fine comb. Used to complete
    the disappearance of insects. Mercury Sulfur Ointment
  3. Serortut ointment for lice and nits. Act
    This remedy is similar to mercury ointment. It must also be rubbed into
    lice-affected area twice a day for a week.
    Serortuta ointment
  4. Boric ointment for lice and nits. As part of boric
    acid and petrolatum. It has a mild effect, non-toxic.
    Boric ointment should be used twice a day. Means
    distributed over the entire length of the hair, is left to affect the
    half an hour, then the hair is rinsed with a solution of vinegar and a comb
    comb out insects. You can get rid of adults in 2-3
    day, nits have to comb 2-3 weeks. Boric ointment
  5. Turpentine ointment for lice and nits.
    Antiparasitic effect is due to be part of
    turpentine. The ointment is rubbed into the scalp and distributed throughout
    hair length Hair covered with a plastic cap for 2 hours,
    then using a small comb to comb the insects, after which
    hair can be washed with shampoo. The disadvantage of this tool is
    the fact that it is very fat, and some time after applying the hair
    will have a greasy look and a peculiar smell.
  6. Zinc ointment for lice. Used very much
    rarely, it contains zinc oxide and petrolatum. To a greater extent
    it is prescribed as an adjunct because it possesses
    anti-inflammatory and antiseptic – helps
    heal faster from insect bites. Despite the low
    the cost of the above funds, we must not forget that they are all
    have side effects and have a number of contraindications.
  7. Ointment for lice and nits for children. Benzyl benzoate –
    emulsion, cream, gel or ointment. Effective but toxic remedy
    therefore, it must be used carefully. Ointment rubbed into the skin
    heads, a polyethylene cap is put on top, after 30 minutes
    hair washed with shampoo. Recommended for children from 2 years. Knicks – cream
    with a low concentration of active ingredients, so it
    allowed to apply to children from 6 months. Baby’s scalp
    processed by this tool, and after 10 minutes, washed off
    shampoo Nittifor is a solution with a cream. The composition includes
    permethrin. The tool is applied to the scalp, and through
    40 minutes washed off with shampoo. Not recommended for children under 5
    years old. Knicks
  8. Ointment for pediculosis and scabies. More often
    Benzyl benzoate is recommended. For the treatment of scabies need to take a shower
    and rub the drug into the skin. Very carefully need to handle
    fingers since it is there that the largest amount accumulates
    parasites. After the first treatment, you need to take a break for 3 days, and
    preferably at this time not to wash the drug from the skin. For treatment
    lice means is applied to the hairy part. Medfoks – yet
    one remedy for lice and scabies. It contains permethrin,
    which is characterized by high anti-parasitic efficacy. With
    scabies rubbed into the skin, and left for 3 days with pediculosis
    processed scalp, the drug is left on
    30-40 minutes. Medifox
  9. Ointment from linen mites. For the treatment of bites
    linen mites are recommended to use healing ointments with
    panthenol, for example, Rescuer, Bepanten. The bite is necessary
    wash with soap and swab antiparasitic to
    reduce itching, after drying, apply a healing ointment.

Indications, contraindications and side effects

Indications for use
antiparasitic ointments are:

  • head lice;
  • pediculosis of the pubic zone;
  • ward headache.


  • the presence of an allergic reaction to the components used
  • children’s age (for some drugs);
  • open skin lesions at the sites of the intended
    use of ointments;
  • inflammatory skin diseases;
  • pregnancy and lactation (for some drugs).

Important! In order to pick the most
a safe drug is necessary to consult a doctor, sometimes, when
inability to use medications prescribed
means of traditional medicine or combing insects small

Side Effects of Lice Ointment:

  • feeling of itching and burning;
  • ongoing numbness of the skin area at the site of application
  • redness of the skin;
  • rash;
  • puffiness


In case of accidental use of pedicide ointments in
digestive tract can be observed eating disorders, failure
heart rate, drowsiness, irritability.

Precautions for use, can it be applied when
of pregnancy

Safety rules that must be followed when
using ointments against lice and nits:

  1. You can not use several tools at once.
  2. After using ointments, you should not dry your hair with a hair dryer.
  3. Processing should be carried out only in protective gloves and
    use a medical mask in order not to inhale poisonous
  4. Avoid contact with eye and mouth mucosa.
  5. If the tool does not help, it is recommended to choose another – with
    other active ingredients.
  6. After using ointments, hands should be thoroughly washed, changed.
    clothes and ventilate the room.

Pregnant girl

If the ointment does get on the mucous membrane of the eyes,
eyes should be washed with running water and then with soda solution –
2%. When pain occurs, 2% Novocaine should be instilled, and
if irritation occurs – 20% sodium sulfacyl. When hit
funds for the mucous membranes of the nose and mouth, mucous membranes should be washed with soda

Important! If symptoms of allergic
reactions need to take an antihistamine and refer to
to the doctor.

With regard to the use of anti-pediculosis drugs during
pregnancy and lactation, you need to carefully study
instructions, most drugs are contraindicated for pregnant women and
nursing mothers. Recommended drugs with low
toxicity, for example, Nyuda. In any case, it is necessary
consult a doctor.

Alternative remedies in the fight against head lice

In addition to ointments, pediculosis can be treated with gels,
creams, shampoos, pills, traditional medicine. About them
described in detail below.


Paranit – 60% consists of mineral oil.
Insects and their larvae are covered with a thin film, as a result
what die Approved for use from 3 years. Price –
500-800 rubles. Paranit

Pediculen – contains anise oil, which
paralyzes and kills lice. Permitted to use after 5 years.
Price – 165 rubles. Pediculen Lotion

Lice cream

Permethrin cream – applied to hair 30-50
minutes After that, the hair is well washed with water and combed.
crayons comb. After 7 days, the treatment is repeated for removal.
individuals that hatched from the larvae. Price – 130-500
rubles. Permethrin

Lauri – active ingredient permethrin. Cream
applied to hair and left for 40 minutes.
Then rinse with shampoo and comb the hair with a fine comb. With
need to repeat processing after a week. Price – 85
rubles. crest


The most popular lice shampoos are:

  1. Hygia – not recommended for children under 5 years old.
    The product is applied to wet hair, rubbed into the roots,
    left for impact for 20 minutes. Then washed off flowing
    water Dead insects combed with a frequent comb. Treatment
    repeated after 10 days, but more often 2 times a month
    can not be used. Hygia Shampoo
  2. Veda-2 – not recommended for children under 5 years. On
    wet hair apply 2-3 tablespoons of shampoo, beat into a foam, leave
    for 10 minutes, then rinse hair with running water and 5% acetic
    solution. Comb out the dead parasites. Veda


Because lice feed on people’s blood, they can be destroyed.
toxic substances through the blood stream. This will help
Ivermectin, Albendazole, Levamisole, Butadione. Levamisole

Important! These drugs are harmful.
only blood-sucking insects, and for people of danger not
present. However, consultation with a specialist is still necessary.
– there are side effects.

Dosage – 200-400 mg three times a day for the first day.
The next two days, the dose is reduced by half. Repeated
Reception is recommended after 7 days.

Folk remedies

From folk remedies the most popular are:

  1. Geranium oil – 5 drops of geranium essential oil
    and 2 tablespoons of burdock oil. Mix and apply on hair.
    Cover with polyethylene for 20 minutes, then rinse hair, dry and
    comb out with a fine comb. Geranium Oil
  2. Cranberry Juice – 2 tablespoons of fresh juice
    mixed with a teaspoon of honey. The mixture is rubbed into the hair roots,
    left under cellophane for 15 minutes, then washed with running
    water cranberry juice
  3. Onion-garlic puree – skip through
    a meat grinder onion and garlic, put the resulting gruel on the hair, put on
    polyethylene cap. After 3 hours, rinse with vinegar.
  4. Tea tree oil – add oil to
    shampoo and wash their hair regularly. Tea tree oil
  5. Kerosene – liquid is applied to the hair,
    cover with package. Dangerous for skin burns
    heads. Kerosene
  6. Hairspray – treat hair hairspray,
    Cover with polyethylene and leave for 3-4 hours. Then ok
    washed with shampoo and combed hair fine comb. varnish

It should be understood that currently there are a large number
remedies for the treatment of pediculosis, however, not all of them are safe.
To choose the safest and most effective means
you need to consult a doctor, or at least very carefully study

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