Psoriasis is a non-infectious skin disease that is expressed
the formation of red scaly spots, covered with itchy
silvery scales. As a rule, psoriasis develops in young
people from 20 to 30 years. Disease does not pose a threat to human life
however, it causes him serious psychological distress.
character, up to social exclusion.
- Causes of disease
- Symptoms of the disease and its types
- Psoriasis treatment
- The complication and prevention of psoriasis
Causes of disease
The causes of psoriasis are not fully understood today.
identified. There are some factors that are associated with
the occurrence of psoriasis. However, these factors alone do not
can cause psoriasis, only in combination with each other they
can serve as an impetus for the development of this pathology:
- genetic predisposition;
- reduction of the protective properties of the body;
- psycho-emotional disorders;
- endocrine system pathology.
It is assumed that psoriasis may be due to an imbalance in
work of the immune system. In the thicker skin accumulates large
number of T lymphocytes, leading to chronic inflammation
affected areas. Histological examination of psoriatic
material confirms high concentration of immune cells
on the affected areas, which allows to confirm the immunological
factor in the development of psoriasis.
Genetic predisposition to psoriasis confirms the presence of
mutations in several sections of DNA. These sites are responsible for
development of immune cells of T-lymphocytes. Breakdown of such sites may
provoke the development of psoriasis. So, if parents
suffer from psoriasis, the risk of developing this pathology in a child
equal to 50% and even higher. Scientists have also linked the development of psoriasis
in adults with mutations of certain genes.
Also the cause of psoriasis can be stress, which
leads to exacerbation of symptoms of the disease.
Psycho-emotional disorder is able to initiate the release
hormones in the bloodstream, which leads to a series of biochemical reactions,
which in turn contribute to the appearance of various rashes
on the skin.
A study of the etiology of psoriasis has shown that in many patients
there are violations of the endocrine and reproductive system, to
they have a violation of the process of education
Reference factors may also be mentioned.
psoriasis development: ecology, injuries, unbalanced nutrition,
poor conditions of life, violations of basic hygiene.
It can be said that psoriasis is hereditary
multifactorial disease: a whole is involved in its development
complex of the above reasons.
Symptoms of the disease and its types
Psoriasis has some common specific symptoms,
allowing to accurately diagnose the disease. With
psoriasis develop three characteristic states:
- “paraffin” or “stearin” spots, which when attempted
scraping with a fingernail, exfoliate, and are similar in consistency
wax and stearin;
- red shiny surface that forms after
offices of scales and plaques. It is commonly called terminal.
- A very characteristic sign of psoriasis is a symptom of “bloody dew.”
If you scrape all the scales and plaques, then on the surface of the skin
small bloody dots will appear that look like dew drops.
Most often, psoriatic lesions are localized in the area
flexion of large joints, in armpit, on hairy
parts of the head, in the groin, under the mammary glands, on the nails.
The disease begins with the appearance of small, itchy
symmetrical eruptions, then they merge into one large
conglomerate, taking up large areas of skin. Itching is getting
unbearable, and the separation of scales causes the appearance of “bloody
Diagnosing psoriasis causes some complexity, since
There are many types of this disease. Psoriasis has
- vulgar (ordinary psoriasis);
- plaque psoriasis;
- pustular psoriasis;
- psoriasis flexion surfaces;
- drip or psoriasis.
Each type of psoriasis has its own international code.
disease qualifications (ICD-10). Each type of disease
has its signs, symptoms and causes.
The treatment of psoriasis is more difficult because
the disease has a chronic course with temporary remissions.
However, nowadays it is possible to significantly improve the patient’s condition.
by reducing the clinical manifestations. Psoriasis treatment
It is carried out by complex use of the general medicinal
therapy, local drug therapy, the use of
physiotherapeutic methods and immunomodulators.
Primarily used topical preparations for outdoor
application. The composition of such drugs include substances
- Glucocorticosteroid hormones that can prevent
active cell division of the skin as well as reduce inflammatory
phenomena, itching and depression of the immune system.
- Vitamin D based drugs whose effectiveness
manifested in conjunction with ultraviolet radiation.
- Preparations with activated zinc, which quickly eliminate
skin itching and hyperemia of the skin.
For systemic (general) treatment of psoriasis is used:
- Corticosteroids that eliminate the symptoms of inflammation and
- Cytostatics prevent uncontrolled cell division.
- Immunomodulators eliminate dysfunction in the immune system.
- Nonsteroidal drugs that only eliminate symptoms
diseases: foci of inflammation and itching without affecting the causes
Physiotherapy treatment encompasses a number of procedures:
- PUVA therapy. This method is to use
a photoactive chemical that is used in conjunction with
longwave ultraviolet radiation.
- Ichthyotherapy The essence of the method is to use
certain fish that literally eat the surface
psoriasis-damaged skin layer. The procedure takes place in thermal
sources at full immersion of the patient in water.
- Hirudotherapy. The use of leeches for the treatment of psoriasis,
that improve blood flow.
- Cryotherapy. The method is to immerse the patient on
a few minutes into the chamber with very low air temperature. This
the method helps to effectively eliminate the manifestation of foci of inflammation, and
significantly reduce itching.
Treatment of psoriasis with folk methods sometimes gives good
results. Before you begin treatment necessarily required
consultation of a dermatologist. The doctor must be aware of the methods
your treatment and fully endorse them.
The complication and prevention of psoriasis
The complications of psoriasis are serious diseases that
very difficult to treat: psoriatic arthritis, pustular
psoriasis and psoriatic erythroderma. Prevention
The disease includes fortifying measures:
- spa therapy;
- balanced diet;
- healthy sleep;
- rehabilitation of chronic foci of infection;
- moderate exercise.