Keratoses – a category of various non-inflammatory diseases
skin characterized by one common symptom-impaired process
formation of the stratum corneum. In other words, with keratosis occurs
excessive thickening of the stratum corneum and delayed normal
exfoliation. The most common type of keratosis is
- What is seborrheic keratosis
- Causes of disease
- Diagnosis of the disease
- Treatment methods for seborrheic keratosis
What is seborrheic keratosis
Seborrheic keratosis is a benign lesion on the skin. WITH
old people have symptoms of seborrheic
keratosis. As a rule, these are spots on the skin of different configurations,
size and color. Most often the color gamut of spots varies from
flesh and brown to black. Stains may be
flat or protrude above the skin surface.
It is known that in children the stratum corneum is thin, peeling
happens regularly and by itself. Older people have a rough skin
thickening of the stratum corneum occurs. Moreover, keratosis develops on
Any parts of the body: face, chest, arms, neck. Seborrheic defeat
may be single or consist of a group of neoplasms,
which can be located close to each other
to a friend. Diseases develop slowly, having arisen once, more often
all, does not progress and does not develop into malignant
Causes of disease
The causes of seborrheic keratosis have not been identified so far.
day. Doctors tended to the viral origin of the disease, but
version is not confirmed. Also, the version about
photoreactivity (skin reaction to ultraviolet radiation). AT
Currently, doctors put forward two causes
- Gerontological factor. The disease develops in people after
forty years. Most likely with age there are changes in
skin structure causing the appearance of keratomas.
- Genetic predisposition (hereditary
Seborrheic keratosis is not a disease
discomfort in the form of itching, irritation, and not affecting negatively
on human health. Aesthetic discomfort is
the only negative manifestation of keratosis. However worth
be alerted if new growths suddenly show
growth. In this case, the consultation of a dermatologist will not be superfluous. I happen
cases when a cancerous tumor simulates a keratotic disease, and
cancer cells successfully mask and develop among the cells
keratomas. Immediate specialist consultation is required.
- keratotic formations are rapidly increasing in
- are inflamed or bleed;
- There is a suspicion of oncology of the skin.
Diagnosis of the disease
In order to determine the nature of the disease is necessary
consultation of a dermatologist. Seborrheic keratosis good
diagnosed by appearances, but if the neoplasm
doubtful, you can conduct a histological study.
Seborrheic keratosis does not require treatment, but the clinical picture
it is necessary to observe that at any stage of neoplasm development
develop the right strategy for action.
There are several stages of this development:
- The first stage is the formation of spots. Characteristic feature of age
skin is the formation of senile pigment spots. Stains have
varied shape, color and configuration. But usually these spots
are flat, do not protrude above the surface of the skin and do not have
rough structure. With age, the number of such spots is steadily increasing.
The risk group includes persons who abuse sunbaths in
unlimited quantity. Keratotic spots may appear in
forty years old, and even earlier with frequent exposure of the skin
ultraviolet. At this stage senile warts are still
- The second stage is the occurrence of papular form. Flat spots
begin to rise above the skin, turn into nodules and
small papules. This stage is characterized by the absence
peeling and lack of horny scales on warts.
- The third stage is keratotic. At this stage appear
age warts – keratomas. Senile keratomas are
formation on the skin brown or black, oval-shaped,
towering above its surface. Senile keratomas can
bleed in case of their injuries.
- The fourth stage is the formation of cutaneous horns (neoplasm
dense, horny mass, cylindrical shape, protruding above
skin surface). At this stage, there is an excessive appearance
and keratinization of seborrheic keratoma.
Treatment methods for seborrheic keratosis
Keratosis treatment methods most often consist in its removal.
If seborrheic keratosis does not cause psychological discomfort and
aesthetic nature, does not progress in size, but its shape and
color remain unchanged, there is no need to remove it. AT
other cases at the request of the patient and the decision of the dermatologist
Keratosis is removed by the following methods:
- Laser method. This hardware method is different
availability and cheapness. Laser removes keratome by burning
and tissue evaporation. In place of keratoma remains the crust, which
over time, it disappears, leaving behind healthy skin.
- Liquid nitrogen cryodestruction method effectively removes extensive
cluster of keratomas.
- The radio wave method is similar to a laser procedure.
The keratoma also evaporates and a crust forms in its place, which
over time, disappears by itself.
- Electrocoagulation method is the removal of keratoma.
electric scalpel. This method does not use big
popular as it implies a certain period
rehabilitation. The procedure is performed by a surgeon, and after removal
neoplasms are sutured to the skin.
Conservative treatments suggest oral use.
large doses of ascorbic acid. It impedes development and growth.
new keratomas. The treatment is carried out with courses with a monthly break.
It is not recommended to self-treat keratosis due to
the possibility of keratoma degeneration into a malignant tumor.