Seborrheic keratosis of the skin and its treatment

Keratoses – a category of various non-inflammatory diseases
skin characterized by one common symptom-impaired process
formation of the stratum corneum. In other words, with keratosis occurs
excessive thickening of the stratum corneum and delayed normal
exfoliation. The most common type of keratosis is
seborrheic keratosis.


  • What is seborrheic keratosis
  • Causes of disease
  • Diagnosis of the disease
  • Treatment methods for seborrheic keratosis

What is seborrheic keratosis

Seborrheic keratosis is a benign lesion on the skin. WITH
old people have symptoms of seborrheic
keratosis. As a rule, these are spots on the skin of different configurations,
size and color. Most often the color gamut of spots varies from
flesh and brown to black. Stains may be
flat or protrude above the skin surface.


It is known that in children the stratum corneum is thin, peeling
happens regularly and by itself. Older people have a rough skin
thickening of the stratum corneum occurs. Moreover, keratosis develops on
Any parts of the body: face, chest, arms, neck. Seborrheic defeat
may be single or consist of a group of neoplasms,
which can be located close to each other
to a friend. Diseases develop slowly, having arisen once, more often
all, does not progress and does not develop into malignant

Causes of disease

The causes of seborrheic keratosis have not been identified so far.
day. Doctors tended to the viral origin of the disease, but
version is not confirmed. Also, the version about
photoreactivity (skin reaction to ultraviolet radiation). AT
Currently, doctors put forward two causes
seborrheic keratosis:

  1. Gerontological factor. The disease develops in people after
    forty years. Most likely with age there are changes in
    skin structure causing the appearance of keratomas.
  2. Genetic predisposition (hereditary

Seborrheic keratosis is not a disease
discomfort in the form of itching, irritation, and not affecting negatively
on human health. Aesthetic discomfort is
the only negative manifestation of keratosis. However worth
be alerted if new growths suddenly show
growth. In this case, the consultation of a dermatologist will not be superfluous. I happen
cases when a cancerous tumor simulates a keratotic disease, and
cancer cells successfully mask and develop among the cells
keratomas. Immediate specialist consultation is required.
if a:

  • keratotic formations are rapidly increasing in
  • are inflamed or bleed;
  • There is a suspicion of oncology of the skin.

Diagnosis of the disease

In order to determine the nature of the disease is necessary
consultation of a dermatologist. Seborrheic keratosis good
diagnosed by appearances, but if the neoplasm
doubtful, you can conduct a histological study.
Seborrheic keratosis does not require treatment, but the clinical picture
it is necessary to observe that at any stage of neoplasm development
develop the right strategy for action.


There are several stages of this development:

  1. The first stage is the formation of spots. Characteristic feature of age
    skin is the formation of senile pigment spots. Stains have
    varied shape, color and configuration. But usually these spots
    are flat, do not protrude above the surface of the skin and do not have
    rough structure. With age, the number of such spots is steadily increasing.
    The risk group includes persons who abuse sunbaths in
    unlimited quantity. Keratotic spots may appear in
    forty years old, and even earlier with frequent exposure of the skin
    ultraviolet. At this stage senile warts are still
  2. The second stage is the occurrence of papular form. Flat spots
    begin to rise above the skin, turn into nodules and
    small papules. This stage is characterized by the absence
    peeling and lack of horny scales on warts.
  3. The third stage is keratotic. At this stage appear
    age warts – keratomas. Senile keratomas are
    formation on the skin brown or black, oval-shaped,
    towering above its surface. Senile keratomas can
    bleed in case of their injuries.
  4. The fourth stage is the formation of cutaneous horns (neoplasm
    dense, horny mass, cylindrical shape, protruding above
    skin surface). At this stage, there is an excessive appearance
    and keratinization of seborrheic keratoma.

Treatment methods for seborrheic keratosis

Keratosis treatment methods most often consist in its removal.
If seborrheic keratosis does not cause psychological discomfort and
aesthetic nature, does not progress in size, but its shape and
color remain unchanged, there is no need to remove it. AT
other cases at the request of the patient and the decision of the dermatologist
Keratosis is removed by the following methods:

  1. Laser method. This hardware method is different
    availability and cheapness. Laser removes keratome by burning
    and tissue evaporation. In place of keratoma remains the crust, which
    over time, it disappears, leaving behind healthy skin.
  2. Liquid nitrogen cryodestruction method effectively removes extensive
    cluster of keratomas.
  3. The radio wave method is similar to a laser procedure.
    The keratoma also evaporates and a crust forms in its place, which
    over time, disappears by itself.
  4. Electrocoagulation method is the removal of keratoma.
    electric scalpel. This method does not use big
    popular as it implies a certain period
    rehabilitation. The procedure is performed by a surgeon, and after removal
    neoplasms are sutured to the skin.

Conservative treatments suggest oral use.
large doses of ascorbic acid. It impedes development and growth.
new keratomas. The treatment is carried out with courses with a monthly break.

It is not recommended to self-treat keratosis due to
the possibility of keratoma degeneration into a malignant tumor.

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