Swelling of the feet: causes and treatment

Swelling of the feet – an unpleasant phenomenon, quite common, in
particular among women. Edema (lat. Oedema) is called excess
accumulation of fluid in the body, more precisely in its extracellular tissue
spaces. They arise as a result of the development of some
diseases, and with mechanical effects of varying degrees.
Accompanied by swelling discomfort, a feeling of heaviness, and sometimes
pain sensations. Many people view this phenomenon only with
In terms of aesthetics, however, persistent edema can serve
a sign of a serious illness.


  • Types and causes of edema
  • Diagnosis and treatment of leg edema
  • Exercises to relieve swelling of the legs
  • Treatment of edema in the legs folk remedies
  • Preventive measures against edema

Types and causes of edema

Despite varying degrees of severity, leg swelling is always
indicate an imbalance between opportunities
physiological mechanisms regulating fluid exchange in
body, and the load on the extracellular space. It may
be a normal reaction of the organism (adaptation to the conditions
environment), and one of the symptoms of serious illness.


Hydremic edema is observed in kidney diseases in
the result of the accumulation of excess fluid.

Caecal edema is characteristic of cardiovascular.
diseases, as well as a strong depletion of the body.

With vascular permeability, strong pressure in the capillaries, low
the albumin content in the blood shows stagnant edema.

Mechanical swelling occurs due to injury, may occur
during pregnancy and in the presence of tumors in the body.

Neuropathic edema is associated with diseases such as
alcoholism (late stages) and diabetes.

Quincke’s edema is allergic in nature and is
severe swelling of the skin. Allergic swelling develops
at a fast pace, but quickly, if properly treated.

The main places of localization of edema are limbs
abdominal cavity or pleural, subcutaneous fatty tissue.

Diagnosis and treatment of leg edema

Before you start treating puffiness, you need to find out
causes. Symptoms can only be eliminated.
through systemic therapeutic effects on the root cause
under the supervision of a physician. Typically, a diagnosis of edema implies
the following set of activities:

  • visual inspection;
  • collecting information about symptoms during a patient survey –
  • blood test (general and biochemical);
  • general urine analysis;
  • analysis for the determination of hormones in the blood;
  • Electrocardiographic study (ECG).


Thanks to the rapid development of modern medicine
Prevention and treatment of edema today is very effective.
Use of special drugs and procedures
allow you to remove puffiness and prevent its occurrence in

Diuretics. If the swelling is associated with kidney disease, in this
diamox, urea, sulfonamides, etc. are used in this case. Since
with fluid possible excretion of potassium, diuretic
drugs should be taken only according to the dosage prescribed
a doctor.

Drugs that inhibit the production of steroid hormone –
aldosterone – (metoliron and amphenon).

Bloodletting Helps to reduce puffiness by reducing
hydrostatic pressure.

Protein components. Used to increase
colloid osmotic or oncotic blood pressure.

Gels and ointments. In particular, we are talking about venotonics, strengthening
walls of blood vessels, as well as improving blood flow. Usually,
preparations containing heparin sodium, a component,
enhances blood microcirculation, and promotes removal
excess fluid.

Diuretic herbs. There are strict rules for herbal intake.
charges with diuretic action. Some plants
increase the pressure. Herbs should be used 3-4 hours before bedtime,
so as not to provoke insomnia at night. Not recommended
take diuretic infusions constantly because of the risk of getting used

Compression knitwear. In order to combat swelling of the feet use
Special knee-highs and tights with a compression effect. Insofar as
each type of disease requires the selection of its volume of load,
knitwear is recommended to buy in pharmacies specialized
stores, and, especially individually.

Moderate exercise. One of the most useful types
sports with edema is considered swimming and water aerobics. Water
has a gradual effect on the skin without causing expansion
blood vessels and swelling of the legs. Long foot walking will help to remove leg edema.
walks as well as jogging.

Pressotherapy or hardware lymphatic drainage massage of the legs. During
The procedure has a controlled effect on the lymphatic
system, so that the body removes excess fluid.
However, the procedure is contraindicated in pregnancy,
malignant tumors and menstruation.

Exercises to relieve swelling of the legs

To eliminate edema or prevent them, there are simple
exercises that are recommended during the day when
every opportunity.

  1. Press the heels one by one on the floor for several minutes, lifting
    while the sock, then vice versa – lift the heel, pressing the sock to
    the floor. Exercise can be done sitting or standing.
  2. Walk for 2-3 minutes on the fingers.
  3. Spread, and then squeeze as much as possible fingers
  4. Bare feet, try to grab and lift from the floor
    some small object: a pencil, a small ball.
  5. Rotate several times a day (left
    right and vice versa) feet.
  6. Put your right foot on the left. Try to raise the sock like
    can be higher. Do the same exercise with the other leg.
  7. Rise on socks and so wait 5-7 seconds. Further
    jump on tiptoe (5-10 jumps).
  8. Bend your toes down, and then sharply straighten them.

Treatment of edema in the legs folk remedies

Effective recipes help to get rid of puffiness on legs
traditional medicine. Such funds are based solely on
natural ingredients.

Drinks and infusions

Birch leaves (2 tbsp. Spoons) pour boiling water (0.5 l),
insist. Drink drink 5 times a day.

Juice cucumber, lemon and carrots (100 ml) are mixed. This drink
should be drunk three times a day. The finished concentrate is diluted
warm water (0.5 cups).

Flax seed (1 teaspoon) is poured with water, boiled for 10-15 minutes and
Insist an hour, covering the dishes with a towel. Filter and drink infusion
100 ml every two hours during the day. To improve the taste you can
add some fruit juice. The course is 2 weeks.
The tool also removes the swelling of the face

Astragalus reduces swelling and has a positive effect on work.
of cardio-vascular system. To cook a decoction of 10 g plants
pour a glass of boiling water, cool and filter. Decoction take
2-3 tablespoons daily for 2 weeks. Three days –
break, then repeat the treatment. In general, the course reaches 4-6

Massage and rubbing

Turpentine oil is mixed with heated castor oil (1: 2). So
means rubbing feet before bedtime. At night, they put on their feet
cotton socks.

The yolk of one egg is mixed with turpentine (1 teaspoon) and
apple cider vinegar (1 tbsp. spoon). This mixture should be vigorously
rub your feet for 10 minutes.

For tired legs with edema, a massage with pieces of ice is useful.
Prepare the ice in advance better from the infusion of medicinal herbs: sage,
yarrow, mountain arnica, chamomile dye,
eucalyptus or peppermint.

Also very useful for swollen feet bath with sea salt.
It relaxes and relieves puffiness. Feet immerse in the cold
lightly massage the swollen areas in
direction from bottom to top.

Preventive measures against edema

The best method of treatment is not only puffiness, but also many others.
diseases – prevention. To prevent the appearance of edema
feet, exactly like the swelling of the face, remember useful tips,
presented below.


Get rid of the habit of throwing your legs over your legs while sitting on a chair.
Some types of housework (cleaning vegetables, sewing, etc.)
try to perform, sitting with your feet on the ottoman standing next to or

If possible, try to rest two or three times a day.
feet. Just lie down for 5-10 minutes, putting a small one under your feet.
roller or high pillow.

Making water procedures, do not forget to rinse your feet
cool water.

Cut back on high-salt foods.
Refuse too fat, spicy and smoked food. Not
abuse sweet carbonated and alcoholic beverages.
Watch your body weight and exercise.

Eat vitamins of groups B, E and C – they strengthen
vascular walls.

If the job requires sitting in one place for a long time, stand up
periodically and knead swollen limbs.

Even short walks in the evenings will help to avoid
the occurrence of puffiness.

Remember that the structure of the veins includes collagen, which
destroyed by nicotine. Therefore, get rid of harmful

Provide normal blood circulation to the body, avoiding tight and
uncomfortable clothes, underwear and shoes.

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