Tonsolithus

Multicolor lichen (scaly lichen, sun lichen, beach
disease) is an infectious fungal disease that affects
only the upper layer of the epidermis. Yeast-like disease causes
mushroom Malassezia furfur, which is found in the stratum corneum
epidermis and hair follicles in almost all people, without causing
no harm to them. The disease progresses with a decrease in protective
properties of the body. External manifestations of this disease can
remind signs of syphilitic rash, vitiligo and denying Gibert. AT
most cases the disease appears in young men and
women, less often in older people and never in children. More often
In all, the disease occurs in people living in wet
in tropical climates, in athletes (due to the development of abundant
sweating) and in people with endocrine disease.
Outbreaks of the disease usually occur in the summer.

Content

  • The causes of the disease
  • Symptoms of a solar fungus
  • Diagnosis of the disease
  • Treatment of multi-colored lichen
  • Disease prevention

The causes of the disease

The causative agents of the disease are yeast-like fungi, which
under the influence of certain factors, begin to multiply rapidly,
excreting certain substances that lead to disruption
the formation of melanin. As a result, the skin appears
depigmented areas. Although the disease has
mycotic etiology, there are a number of factors that can
provoke a disease. Factors are exogenous or
endogenous nature. Endogenous factors include the following
the reasons:

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  • reduction of body defenses;
  • endocrine diseases (diabetes mellitus);
  • hyperhidrosis (excessive sweating);
  • thyroid disease;
  • psycho-emotional disorders;
  • hormonal disbalance;
  • chronic unsafeed foci of infection.

Exogenous factors:

  • wearing tight clothes (belts, straps from bras)
    able to provoke the occurrence of multi-colored lichen;
  • regular contraceptive use;
  • the use of substandard cosmetics;
  • prolonged exposure to ultraviolet radiation on the skin.

It is noteworthy that in some cases of skin diseases, if
we are not talking about skin pigmentation,
ultraviolet helps to improve the condition of the skin
(psoriasis, etc.), but in the case of multi-colored depriving the sun’s rays
are the cause of the disease. The sun’s rays provoke this
pathology, since the epidermis, dried by the sun, forms
microcracks through which pathological agents penetrate into
horny layer of skin.

Symptoms of a solar fungus

The main symptoms of the disease are multi-colored spots that
do not rise above the skin. The spots are located on the body chaotically,
most often on the back and chest, less often on the stomach, face, neck, sides. Colour
the spots are very diverse: they can be white, light yellow,
pink or dark brown color. It is the variation of colors
stains caused the name of the disease. Spots are different
sizes, but they tend to merge, forming extensive
depigmented areas on the skin.

The disease is not inflammatory, does not cause
no subjective feelings, except that sometimes the patient feels
slight itching. Licolor versicolor never develops on plots
skin devoid of hair follicles, that is, on the palms and feet.
Spots of multi-colored lichen, growing and merging, form
a huge conglomerate that sometimes occupies separate
anatomical sites: upper and lower limbs, back.

This pathology does not form oozing eczemas, very rarely.
affects the hair part of the head, never contributes to alopecia
(baldness).

Diagnosis of the disease

Despite the fact that the disease has a specific
symptoms, requires differential diagnosis. For
diagnostic confirmation of infection is performed
Balzer What is the essence of the method? Affected skin where horny
layer loosened, smeared with iodine solution. Instead of iodine sometimes
use aniline dyes. Staining stains in
specific dark brown color speaks about their mycotic
origin.

Another method of diagnosis – the phenomenon of “nail blow” or a symptom
Benye: when you try to scratch the surface with a fingernail, the top
flakes exfoliate and cause soreness. Also for
diagnostics of multi-colored lichen use Wood’s lamp. In the dark
indoors, spots give a fluorescent glow. Microscopic
biopsy specimen confirms mycotic origin
diseases.

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Multicolor versicolor must be differentiated from deprived of Giber and
syphilitic roseola. In the case of Gibert’s lichen, the spots are worn
diamond shape in the form of a medallion. And in the center foci are noticed
peeling. When syphilitic roseola stains disappear when
pressing and not prone to flaking. You can also
to perform a blood test according to Wasserman (diagnostic method
syphilis).

Treatment of multi-colored lichen

The treatment of multi-colored lichen is carried out only by a doctor.
dermatologist. In no case can not self-medicate and
try to treat the disease on your own using dubious methods. it
only contributes to the aggravation of the disease. In this case, the fungus can
develop resistance to treatment methods, and this is the first step towards
chronic disease. For this reason, you should immediately turn to
doctor and start treatment immediately. Treatment activities
lichen sun include combined treatment:

  • topical treatment with the use of solutions, creams and ointments;
  • restorative treatment is to increase the protective forces
    organism;
  • physiotherapy treatment that is designed to stimulate
    metabolic processes in tissues.

Treatment of multi-colored depriving a long process, which is associated
with some persistence. The process can be delayed for months, or even
years Topical treatment is to lubricate the skin.
ointments based on sulfur and tar, as well as salicylic alcohol and
salicylic ointment. Good effect gives treatment method
Demyanovich, the essence of which is to lubricate the skin with a solution
water tiusulfate (60%) and hydrochloric acid (6%).
Antifungal drugs (azole group) especially on
based bifonazola demonstrate a high level
efficacy in the treatment of mycoses.

In the case of persistent symptoms of the disease or its
Chronization use antifungal drugs tablets:
clotrimazole, candida, lamizil.

Disease prevention

Licolor versicolor has another name – beach disease.
Accordingly, it is very easy for them to become infected on the beach using common
towels, sun loungers, deck chairs and other items. But subject to
A few simple rules can easily avoid infection:

  • after bathing, be sure to dry the skin, and then lie down
    on sand or chaise;
  • It is necessary to use sunscreens with high
    protection factor;
  • should limit the time spent on the beach;
  • after swimming in common reservoirs should always be taken
    shower;
  • All hygiene items, including clothing, should be washed frequently.
    and boil in a solution of soap and soda;
  • be sure to iron iron clean linen.

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