Warts: causes and treatment

Warts are benign skin tumors of the virus
characters that have the appearance of a papilla or nodule. This is the most
common viral infection that occurs in 90%
population of the planet. Most often warts are small or medium
size, but there are also larger ones. Causes virus pathology
human papillomavirus (HPV). Warts are localized in a variety of
places. And each type of papilloma virus has its own
own localization. So one papilloma virus causes the development
warts only on the hands and palms, the other on the feet, the third on
genitals. Sometimes the localization of warts on the face or hands
spoils the appearance of a person, so many try to remove them.
Virus infection usually occurs in childhood.
due to microtraumas and cracks in the skin.


  • Causes of warts
  • Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
  • Types of warts
  • Diagnostics
  • How to treat warts?
  • Prevention

Causes of warts

The disease develops due to infection with a virus.
human papillomavirus (HPV). Currently, more than 60 species are known.
virus. It cannot be said with certainty that a certain virus
causes the development of certain warts, however some
specificity in the development of this pathology is still observed.
For example, HPV types 2 and 4 contribute to the development of
warts on hands and palms. HPV type I is localized on
soles. Very often a person is infected with several HPVs at once.
The incubation period of the pathology is several months.
There are a number of factors that can trigger



  • reduction of body defenses;
  • psycho-emotional states;
  • chronic diseases in the body;
  • infectious diseases.

Human Papillomavirus (HPV)

Human papillomavirus enters the body through damaged
skin patches. Once on the skin, the virus takes root in its tissue, or
enters mucous membranes, from where it migrates to the nervous system
the patient. Unfortunately, after this the papillomavirus remains in
body for life. Thus, some
the correlation between the psycho-emotional state of a person and
virus activation: any stress, experience or emotional
the disorder can trigger the appearance of warts.

In addition to skin damage, HPV is transmitted from one
person to another through physical or household contact. For example,
through handshakes or through common goods:
public door handles in the rooms, automatic teller machines, through
banknotes. Also visit public pools, baths, saunas
contributes to the occurrence of warts on the feet. But sometimes
so that the person transmitting the virus itself may not have warts. AT
In this case, he is a carrier of infection without obvious signs
diseases. Statistics claim that within three hours
at least one person on the planet is infected with the papillomavirus, so
exactly how much time the virus lives in the environment.

There is a risk group that includes people who are more capable.
others get the papillomavirus. Most often these are people with
hyperhidrosis (excessive sweating) and those who are often engaged
cleaning and laundry, as during such activities occur
multiple skin lesions. Microtrauma occurs very often.
skin while shaving. And the infection turns out by itself.
Damage to the skin contributes to the spread of warts throughout
to the body.

Types of warts

As mentioned above, warts are of different types:

  • ordinary (vulgar);
  • genital warts;
  • flat;
  • plantar;
  • age.

Common or vulgar warts are localized on the face,
scalp, hands. Develop like adults
so in children. These are small, painless nodules, round in shape with
rough surface.

Genital warts are transmitted exclusively through sex and
occur in adults. The treatment of this pathology is carried out

Flat or juvenile warts are round and smooth
surface. These are usually small flesh-colored nodules,
which occur in young people and young men of puberty.
Localized data rash on the hands and face.



Plantar warts, as the name implies, are localized
only on the sole. In appearance they look like calluses and
Consist of several filiform papillae. Plantar warts
permanently injured due to their localization and cause
painful sensations. The cause of their occurrence may be close,
warm shoes that cause sweating of the feet, as this virus
likes a warm and humid environment in which he multiplies rapidly.

Age or senile warts develop as a result
involutionary processes of the skin. Usually this type of wart is not treated.
Their typical localization: on the skin, hidden clothing. On
on exposed skin, they appear much less frequently.


Diagnose the disease based on the clinical picture.
Additional diagnostics in the form of histological
research and biopsy is usually not required. In rare cases, need
differential diagnosis with the following pathologies:

  • seborrheic keratosis;
  • lichen planus;
  • squamous cell carcinoma of the skin;
  • polyps;
  • corns.

How to treat warts?

Completely eliminate papillomavirus (HPV) from the human body
is impossible. Currently there are no such methods and
drugs that would destroy the virus. For this reason it is impossible
permanently eliminate warts. Recurrences after each removal.
happen quite often.

But sometimes HPV behaves quite unpredictable. There are cases
spontaneous healing: warts for unexpected reasons
disappear on their own without any treatment. But there are also
cases where the virus shows amazing resistance to

Spontaneous healing of warts occurs, as a rule,
children Usually the disease passes within two years without

But resistant warts that are difficult to treat,
are found in adults with weakened immunity.

Therefore, children’s warts need not only be treated as
to observe the process of their development. In case the warts
are in places of increased trauma or cause unpleasant
subjective sensations, they are recommended to remove.

The treatment is carried out by a dermatologist, starting with the most simple
and available methods. In case these events did not bring
expected results, resort to more radical methods.


The dermatologist prescribes immunocorrective drugs,
vitamin and mineral complexes, light sedatives

Radical treatment methods include:

  • laser therapy;
  • electrocoagulation;
  • cryotherapy;
  • surgical excision.

Currently, laser wart removal is considered the most
effective and least traumatic way. The procedure takes
A couple of minutes. Healing happens quickly, painlessly and not.
needs a rehabilitation process. After removing the wart on the skin
remains subtle recess.

Electrocoagulation is carried out using high frequency current.
This method allows you to isolate the virus from exposure to
healthy tissue. Electrocoagulation method provides low losses.
blood and complete wound disinfection. However, this method produces
only superficial removal of warts, so it is not
universal. After the procedure, a small scar remains.

Cryotherapy is a cauterization of liquid warts.
with nitrogen. This method is much better than others. First of all,
there is no pain, secondly, there are no scars on the skin
and scars, thirdly, there is no contact with blood. Minus
is only the fact that it is impossible to control the depth
effects on the wart. This method is also
superficial, besides cryotherapy remains.

Surgical excision of warts is extremely rare.
Immediately after the procedure, it is necessary to stitch, and after
healing remains a noticeable scar. Also, this method involves
some blood loss that can lead to secondary
virus infection.


The prevention of this disease is in compliance with sanitary
hygiene standards:

  • you should wash your hands regularly with soap and water, especially after
    visits to public places;
  • when visiting public saunas and swimming pools wear rubber
  • use only personal items;
  • if the skin is damaged, treat the wounds immediately and
  • upon contact or joint housing with a person who has
    there are warts on the skin, you need to use only things
    personal use. If such a person lives in a family, he should
    highlight individual things and objects.

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