Why does hair fall out?

Beautiful thick hair is always considered one of the main
the merits of every woman. Fashionable dress and quality
Cosmetics can be purchased, but healthy and strong
hair is the result of attention, treatment and careful care
them. In modern times, women and men are increasingly complaining
hair loss and enhanced premature baldness. What are
causes of this phenomenon and how to deal with these?

Hair loss


  • When to sound the alarm? – symptoms of heavy loss
  • The main types of baldness
  • Causes of severe hair loss
  • Medical treatment for hair loss
  • How to stop and prevent baldness?
  • How to treat alopecia at home?

When to sound the alarm? – symptoms of heavy loss

Hair loss on the head (alopecia) is natural.
the process, when the life cycle of the hair ends, it “dies off”.
It is considered normal if no more than 80-100 hairs fall out per day.
If more than a hundred are lost every day, you need to sound the alarm and
urgently take measures for the treatment of hair follicles.

No one will satisfy that on the pillow and clothes, in the bathroom, on
a comb, and all over the room there are scattered hair, and
head already visible bald patches. To find out if the problem came out of
control, you need to take a thin strand and slightly pull. If in hand
there are no more than three hairs left, then the situation is normal, and if
more, this is already a problem.

You can also carefully examine the fallen hair, if the root
there is a light bulb, then this hair “died” in a natural way and
is part of the regeneration of hair. More accurately
whether the trichologist will help determine if there is a problem and what causes it –
hair therapist who will advise you how to do it
treatment or prevention of alopecia at home.

Symptoms of hair loss

The main types of baldness

There are several types of baldness in women and men, and
distinguish one from the other is not difficult:

  1. Focal (epithelial) alopecia – characterized by multiple
    pockets of baldness. Hair around balding area
    thin and become brittle. Can manifest in three degrees
    severity: 1 – local alopecia with a round baldness; 2 – complete
    or partial baldness of several fusion of the lesions; 3 –
    complete hair loss on the head. More common in
  2. Androgenetic alopecia is the most common
    male pattern baldness, which is usually inherited.
    Occurs due to increased content in the body DHT – product
    the breakdown of testosterone, which adversely affects the hair
    follicle. Most hair fall out on top and fronto-parietal
    zone. Treatment is possible only to strengthen the remaining hair in
    The problem area will help to solve the problem.
  3. Diffuse alopecia – this type of hair loss occurs in
    mostly in women. Occurs due to hormonal imbalance,
    lack of protein, avitaminosis, inflammatory diseases. Often
    occurs in women after pregnancy. Characterized by
    thinning and thinning, uniform hair loss throughout
    head. Requires regular treatment. Hair restoration after
    childbirth occurs automatically after a while.
  4. Cicatricial alopecia – with this type of baldness occurs
    damage to the inflamed follicles, resulting in
    scarring. It is very rare – only in 3% of cases, and occurs in
    a result of cancer or infectious diseases, chemical
    or thermal burns, injuries, head surgery. Risk of occurrence
    increases with wearing extended strands, dreadlocks, African
  5. Generalized (total) alopecia – extreme stage
    focal form, when hair falls out on the entire surface of the head, and
    with a universal species – complete loss of hair
    whole body for 2-3 months. It is found in both men and women.
    and in women, both in adults and in children.

What are the causes and factors causing profuse hair loss?
in women or men?

Types of baldness

Causes of severe hair loss

To accurately diagnose, you need to refer to
specialist, because the causes of baldness can be different. but
You can try to determine yourself at home
the main factors causing hair loss in a particular

The most common causes of hair loss in women:

  • hormonal failure (during pregnancy, puberty,
    menopause, postpartum period);
  • heredity;
  • chemotherapy and other side effects of medication
  • sudden temperature changes (drying, hairdryer, straightening
    ironing, hypothermia);
  • stress, depression, chronic fatigue;
  • tight diets and unbalanced nutrition;
  • lack of vitamins and microelements in the body;
  • seasonal hair loss due to beriberi;
  • chronic diseases;
  • Some hairstyles: perm, dreadlocks, extensions,
    taut tails and tight braided braids, African braids;
  • injuries and other damage to the skin on the head;
  • taking contraceptives is also a common cause of weakening
    hair follicles.

The main causes of baldness in men:

  • genetics and hormonal disorders;
  • previous surgery or severe infectious
  • radiation effect;
  • autoimmune diseases;
  • the result of chemotherapy or physiotherapy;
  • fungal and bacterial infections;
  • stressful situations and emotional distress;
  • lack of iron and zinc;
  • deficiency of vitamins B, C, E;
  • unbalanced diet;
  • non-observance of a healthy lifestyle (alcohol, smoking).

It is important to understand that from accurately identifying the cause
hair loss depends on recovery.

Given the above reasons and factors, it makes sense
start caring about the health of your hair from adolescence,
especially if someone in the family has alopecia or you
visible first symptoms of hair loss. The earlier pay attention
on the problem and start treatment, the better it will remain beautiful and
healthy hair.

Causes of Hair Loss

Medical treatment for hair loss

Before starting treatment for baldness, you need to go through a general
diagnosis and identify the causes of the disease. Do it at home
conditions impossible. In addition to the trichologist, most likely
consultation of the dermatologist, the therapist and the endocrinologist is required.
Specialists will prescribe the correct treatment. For an accurate diagnosis,
will have to do:

  • blood chemistry;
  • trichogram;
  • hair analysis to assess the mineral status;
  • analysis of vitamins, amino acids and minerals in
    the body.

For the treatment of alopecia can be used:

  • medications for oral administration;
  • massage of the skin of the head;
  • medicated shampoos, lotions, creams and local masks
  • homeopathy;
  • laser therapy;
  • folk remedies.

There are many medical methods to combat hair loss.
However, most of them belong to different types

  1. Myostimulation – impact on the scalp of the pulse
    electrical currents in order to restore hair activity
    follicles. Under the influence of currents are activated backup
    capillaries on the walls of blood vessels and improves metabolism in the tissues,
    aligning hormones and reducing the volume of fat cells.
  2. Iontophoresis – medicinal is injected into the deep layers of the skin
    drugs under the action of constant galvanic currents. AT
    As a result, subcutaneous blood circulation accelerates, activates
    metabolic processes and cell division, nutrients penetrate
    in the hair follicles, strengthened roots and increased growth
  3. Laser therapy – the use of low-intensity laser beam
    to restore lost hairs and thicken the remaining ones. AT
    As a result, the metabolism and microcirculation of blood are improved.
    tissues. Twenty half-hour procedures make more hair
    healthy and thick.
  4. Microcurrent therapy – on the scalp along dissimilar electrodes
    affect ultra-small modulated pulsed currents. Current,
    taking into the subcutaneous tissue, stimulates metabolic processes,
    facilitates the removal of fat, improves cell metabolism,
    restores tissue and hair follicles.
  5. Darsonvalization – the effect on the scalp of small currents with
    large voltage – spark charges that contribute to the development
    ozone. As a result, the tissues are saturated with oxygen, the blood vessels
    expands, decreases the secretion of the sebaceous glands, improves the outflow
    lymph and metabolism.
  6. Cryotherapy – a technique that special
    liquid nitrogen applicators freeze portions of the scalp,
    exerting a massage effect. For a visible result
    It is necessary to undergo 3-4 sessions of cryotherapy.
  7. Vacuum massage – in areas of loss of scalp
    vacuum cups are installed. The method helps to improve
    air exchange, blood circulation, relieves stagnation of lymph, excretion

Moreover, if baldness is too pronounced, then the treatment with these
methods will not help. In this case, the problem can only be solved.
hair transplantation.

Hair loss treatment

How to stop and prevent baldness?

For the prevention of premature baldness and stop
hair loss, you need to take some measures at home

  • you need to carefully care for your hair using air conditioners,
    balms, hair masks;
  • you need to wash your hair with high-quality shampoo according to the type
  • it is better to use a comb with rare teeth, do not pull braids,
    do not tie in the tails and bundles;
  • avoid frequent dyeing, perm, hairdryer,
    pulling the iron;
  • maintaining a balanced diet containing magnesium, iron,
    calcium, zinc, copper, fish oil;
  • well taken orally multivitamin complexes;
  • need to monitor sleep patterns and give up harmful
  • avoid overheating or overcooling of the head;
  • regularly massage the scalp with fingertips;
  • avoid stress;
  • it is important to follow a proper diet: more nuts and
  • head wash better with cool water.

And most importantly, you need to be patient, because
restoration and treatment of hair will take a lot of time. Therapy
must begin with adjusting habits and regimes that
provoked baldness.

It is necessary to immediately consult a doctor if the loss
hairs are accompanied by inflammation, pain, the appearance of scab,
scales, ulcers or purulent secretions!

Stop the search

How to treat alopecia at home?

For the treatment of alopecia at home, you can use
various popular recipes for hair loss:

  1. Mask with oils. 30-40 minutes before washing your hair, you need to rub
    in the skin burdock or castor oil mixed with alcohol in
    proportions 2: 1. You can also use juice instead of alcohol
    medium onion and one yolk. Cover the head with polyethylene and
    soft cloth or towel.
  2. Herbal Rinse. It is necessary to pour 100 g of nettle leaves
    or peppermint 400 ml of vinegar 6% and 300 ml of boiled water.
    Insist 6 hours. Apply to rinse after each wash.
    heads at home.
  3. Burning mask. Grind 1 chili pepper and pour 100 ml of vodka,
    Insist 3 weeks in a dark and cool place. Infusion add to
    balsam or conditioner, mixed with kefir or castor oil.
    In its pure form does not apply!
  4. Compresses. Grind 2 old aloe leaves or parsley root,
    squeeze juice and soak gauze. Compress put on the head and
    wear a warming cap, the trace so that the juice does not get into the eyes. Through
    hour rinse hair with warm running water.
  5. Pine recipe. Pour 100 g of green pine needles, spruce or
    Fir liter of boiling water, cook over low heat for 20-25
    minutes Strain the broth and rub into the skin 15 minutes before washing.
  6. Firming mask. Pour 50 g of rye flour with a glass of boiled water,
    Cover and hold for 5 minutes. Add 100 ml of olive
    oils, 1 tbsp. lemon juice and 5 g dry, mix thoroughly.
    Apply the mixture on the hair, put on a warming cap and leave for 30
    minutes Wash off with water.
  7. Citrus tincture. Crusts from 3 tangerines, oranges or
    Lemons pour 5 liters of warm water, let stand for 3-5 hours.
    Dilute the infusion with hot water and wash it with your head.

All these recipes are aimed at stopping a fallout,
strengthen hair and stimulate their growth at home. but
only doctor can prescribe proper treatment!

Masks for baldness

In no case should not try to solve the problem.
independently at home, otherwise the problem can be exacerbated.
As a rule, specialists prescribe complex treatment, in which
combined and medication, and the use of popular recipes in
home conditions. Such an approach allows achieving sustainable

You should not wait until the hair loss reaches irreversible
stage, you need to take care of the beauty and density of the hair already

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